Performance Analysis of DSTBC over VHF Air-to-Ground Communication Channels

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2013 by IJCA Journal
Volume 61 - Number 9
Year of Publication: 2013
Amr A. Nagy
Gamal M. Abdel-hamid
Ahmed E. Abdalla

Amr A Nagy, Gamal M Abdel-hamid and Ahmed E Abdalla. Article: Performance Analysis of DSTBC over VHF Air-to-Ground Communication Channels. International Journal of Computer Applications 61(9):34-38, January 2013. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Amr A. Nagy and Gamal M. Abdel-hamid and Ahmed E. Abdalla},
	title = {Article: Performance Analysis of DSTBC over VHF Air-to-Ground Communication Channels},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2013},
	volume = {61},
	number = {9},
	pages = {34-38},
	month = {January},
	note = {Full text available}


This paper is concerned with evaluating the performance of differential space time block coding (DSTBC) over very high frequency (VHF) aeronautical communication channels (i. e. air-to-ground). Differential phase shift key (DPSK) is one of the differential transmission schemes that transmit information without full channel state information (CSI) at the receiver. There are two main problems that degrade the performance of the communication over this channel, multipath fading which is a common problem in any wireless channel and Doppler shifts which result from aircraft speeds. In order to combat such fading and improve the bit error rate (BER) performance of the communication system over this channel, the paper investigated the usage of multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems with differential transmission scheme. This was done through computer simulations that analyze the performance of DSTBC using two antennas at the transmitter and N antennas at the receiver.


  • S. M. Elnoubi, "A simplified stochastic model for the aeronautical mobile radio channel," 1992, pp. 960-963 vol. 2.
  • M. Gong, C. Zhang, H. Han, and X. Lin "Performance Analysis of Different Phase Shift Keying Modulation Schemes in Aeronautical Channels*," Tsinghua Science & Technology, vol. 14, pp. 1-6, 2009.
  • E. Haas, "Aeronautical channel modeling," Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 51, pp. 254-264, 2002.
  • P. Hoeher and E. Haas, "Aeronautical channel modeling at VHF-band," 1999, pp. 1961-1966 vol. 4.
  • M. Rice, R. Dye, and K. Welling, "Narrowband channel model for aeronautical telemetry," Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 36, pp. 1371-1376, 2000.
  • B. Vucetic and J. Yuan. , Space-Time Coding. England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2003.
  • E. Haas, et al. , "Development and implementation of an advanced airport data link based on multi?carrier communications," European transactions on telecommunications, vol. 13, pp. 447-454, 2002.
  • E. Haas, "Design, evaluation and implementation of a multi-carrier transmission system for aeronautical communications," phd theis, Munich,Germany, Oct. 2002.
  • R. J. S. Mietzner, L. Lampe, W. H. Gerstacker, and P. A. Hoeher, "Multiple-antenna techniques for wireless communications-a comprehensive literature survey," Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE, vol. 11, pp. 87-105, 2009.
  • S. M. Alamouti, "A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications," Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on, vol. 16, pp. 1451-1458, 1998.
  • V. Tarokh and H. Jafarkhani, "A differential detection scheme for transmit diversity," Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on, vol. 18, pp. 1169-1174, 2000.