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Phylogenetic Tree Generation using Different Scoring Methods

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International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 100 - Number 14
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors:
Rajbir Singh
Sinapreet Kaur
Dheeraj Pal Kaur
10.5120/17597-8404

Rajbir Singh, Sinapreet Kaur and Dheeraj Pal Kaur. Article: Phylogenetic Tree Generation using Different Scoring Methods. International Journal of Computer Applications 100(14):38-45, August 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Rajbir Singh and Sinapreet Kaur and Dheeraj Pal Kaur},
	title = {Article: Phylogenetic Tree Generation using Different Scoring Methods},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {100},
	number = {14},
	pages = {38-45},
	month = {August},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Data Mining is a branch of knowledge discovery in the field of research and development. The biological data is available in different formats and is comparatively more complex. Knowledge discovery from these large and complex databases is the key problem of this era. Data mining and machine learning techniques are needed which can scale to the size of the problems and can be customized to the application of biology. Hierarchical Clustering is the one of the main techniques for data mining. Phylogeny is the evolutionary history for a set of evolutionary related species. One approach on determining the evolutionary histories of a dataset are scoring based methods. There are number of different distance based methods of which two are details with here: the UPGMA (Unweighted Pair Group Method using Arithmetic average) and Neighbor Joining. A method for construction of distance based phylogenetic tree using hierarchical clustering is proposed and implemented on different rice varieties. The sequences are downloaded from NCBI databank. Evolutionary distances are calculated using jukes cantor distance method. Multiple sequence alignment is applied on different datasets. Trees are constructed for different datasets from available data using both the distance based methods and pruning technique. SNAP calculates synonymous and non-synonymous substitution rates based on a set of codon aligned nucleotide sequences. The DNA Multiple sequences to calculate the GC content of eukaryotes, molecular weight, melting temperature and tree information. Extractions of closely related varieties are performed by applying threshold condition. Then, final tree is constructed using these closely related rice varieties.

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