Call for Paper - January 2024 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2024 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2023. Read More

Wireless Sensor Node for Gas Pipeline Leak Detection and Location

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 100 - Number 18
Year of Publication: 2014
Lawrence Boaz
Shubi Kaijage
Ramadhani Sinde

Lawrence Boaz, Shubi Kaijage and Ramadhani Sinde. Article: Wireless Sensor Node for Gas Pipeline Leak Detection and Location. International Journal of Computer Applications 100(18):29-33, August 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Lawrence Boaz and Shubi Kaijage and Ramadhani Sinde},
	title = {Article: Wireless Sensor Node for Gas Pipeline Leak Detection and Location},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {100},
	number = {18},
	pages = {29-33},
	month = {August},
	note = {Full text available}


Many different wireless sensor nodes for gas pipeline leak detection and location has been proposed but still there are challenges particularly on environmental issues and signal accuracy. This paper discusses theories and environmental constraints for wireless sensor nodes, a case study of Dar es Salaam - Tanzania and finally presents a design and simulation results of the proposed wireless sensor node using Proteus Design Suite for detecting frequency of sound exited by jetting gas, leaking from higher pressurised gas pipeline. This kind of proposed system can be useful to gas companies or industries whereby gas transportation is done.


  • Akyildiz, I. F. and M. C. Vuran (2010). Wireless sensor networks, John Wiley & Sons.
  • Al-Karaki, J. N. and A. E. Kamal (2004). "Routing techniques in wireless sensor networks: a survey. " Wireless communications, IEEE 11(6): 6-28.
  • Akyildiz, I. F. , et al. (2007). "A survey on wireless multimedia sensor networks. " Computer networks 51(4): 921-960.
  • Zhou, G. , et al. (2006). "Crowded spectrum in wireless sensor networks. " IEEE EmNets 6.
  • L. Boaz, S. Kaijage and R. Sinde (2014). An overview of pipeline leak detection and location systems. Pan African International Conference on Information Science, Computing and Telecommunications. Arusha-Tanzania, IEEE Xplore: 133-137.
  • Beranek, L. L. and T. Mellow (2012). Acoustics: sound fields and transducers, Academic Press.
  • Tanzania Meteorological Agency. Weather forecast Dar es Salaam-Tanzania (2014). http://www. meteo. go. tz/
  • Choosing an Ultrasonic Sensor for Proximity or Distance Measurement Part 1, Acoustic Considerations: http://www. sensorsmag. com/sensors/acoustic-ultrasound/
  • Naranjo, E. and S. Baliga (2009). "Expanding the Use of Ultrasonic Gas Leak Detectors: A Review of Gas Release Characteristics for Adequate Detection. " International Gases & Instrumentation 3(6): 24-29.
  • MaxStream, Inc, Xbee/Xbee Pro OEM RF Modules, 2006, Datasheet, http://www. maxstream. net/