Call for Paper - July 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the July 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 20, 2023. Read More

Combating Examination Malpractices in the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE) in Ghana

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 100 - Number 7
Year of Publication: 2014
Derick Folson
Francis Kwadwo Awuah

Derick Folson and Francis Kwadwo Awuah. Article: Combating Examination Malpractices in the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE) in Ghana. International Journal of Computer Applications 100(7):12-23, August 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Derick Folson and Francis Kwadwo Awuah},
	title = {Article: Combating Examination Malpractices in the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE) in Ghana},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {100},
	number = {7},
	pages = {12-23},
	month = {August},
	note = {Full text available}


On annual basis, WAEC furnish Ghanaians with a stunning number of candidates who are caught cheating in their examinations. WAEC cancels the results of such candidates and even hand some culprits over to the Police for prosecution at the courts. But cheating continues and in most cases, increases year by year. There has been allegations and counter-allegations as to how and why these examination malpractices is on the increase in Ghana. In an attempt to unravel the mysteries of malpractices surrounding the conduct of the Basic Education Certificate Examinations (BECE), funding was sought from education-oriented Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) and recruited thirty fresh graduates from Ghanaian universities and guided them to gain teaching appointments in schools that are noted by the community to indulge in examination malpractices, but for one reason or the other, has never been caught red-handed. The accounts of these thirty recruits spread across all the ten regions of Ghana forms the basis of this paper.


  • Onuka A. O. U. 2009. Stakeholders' Perception of Test Security as Management Tool for Curbing Malpractices in the Nigerian Examining System. African Journal of Educational Management. 12(1)
  • Kofi Mereku. 2000. The BECE Grading System Committee Report: Implications for Minimum Educational Qualifications for Basic Education Certificate.
  • WAEC-West African Examinations Council. 2009. Registrar's Annual Report To Council For The Period April 1, 2008 To March 31, 2009.
  • Onuka A. O. U. 2011. Distance Learner's Time Management. InTech Publishers, Croatia.
  • Daily Graphic. 2013. Collective Action Necessary to Stem BECE Malpractices. January 16.
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). 2009. Corruption, a crime against development (www. yourno-counts. org, Retrieved on 10th June 2013.
  • Ake Gronlund et al. 2010. Increasing Transparency and Fighting Corruption Through ICT: Empowering People and Communities. The Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions.