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Reseach Article

Fusion Framework for Robust and Secured Watermarking

by Nisha Sharma, Anjali Goyal, Y.s Brar
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 101 - Number 15
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Nisha Sharma, Anjali Goyal, Y.s Brar

Nisha Sharma, Anjali Goyal, Y.s Brar . Fusion Framework for Robust and Secured Watermarking. International Journal of Computer Applications. 101, 15 ( September 2014), 10-18. DOI=10.5120/17762-8873

@article{ 10.5120/17762-8873,
author = { Nisha Sharma, Anjali Goyal, Y.s Brar },
title = { Fusion Framework for Robust and Secured Watermarking },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { September 2014 },
volume = { 101 },
number = { 15 },
month = { September },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 10-18 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/17762-8873 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:31:53.120284+05:30
%A Nisha Sharma
%A Anjali Goyal
%A Y.s Brar
%T Fusion Framework for Robust and Secured Watermarking
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 101
%N 15
%P 10-18
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

This paper presents a robust and secure watermarking technique for digital image. To implement the technique, Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is applied on cover image. Further on Low-Low (LL) sub-band of DWT, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) is applied which is followed by Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). To introduce the secure watermarking, watermark is secured using Arnold Transformation and embedded in the cover image. Parameters such as Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Normalized Correlation (NC) are used for checking the reliability of the proposed technique. Different attacks like noise, filtering, rotation, cropping, flipping, and compression are applied on watermarked image to check the robustness of the proposed approach.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Watermarking DWT DCT SVD Arnold Transformation