Call for Paper - August 2020 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the August 2020 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is July 20, 2020. Read More

Solutions for Stoning the Devil in Pilgrimage using Simulation

Print
PDF
International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2015 by IJCA Journal
Volume 113 - Number 11
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors:
Mohammed Refai
10.5120/19868-1853

Mohammed Refai. Article: Solutions for Stoning the Devil in Pilgrimage using Simulation. International Journal of Computer Applications 113(11):5-8, March 2015. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Mohammed Refai},
	title = {Article: Solutions for Stoning the Devil in Pilgrimage using Simulation},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {113},
	number = {11},
	pages = {5-8},
	month = {March},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Every year, more than two millions of Muslims went to the Holy city of Makah for pilgrimage "Hajj". There are a lot of activities that should be done during pilgrimage. One of the rituals performed by Muslim pilgrims during pilgrimage in al-Jamarat area in Mina, adjacent to Makah, is throwing stones at a pillar target. This activity is a symbol of stoning the devil "Throwing Jamarat" as done by Prophet Ibrahim. Throwing stones in mina during "aladha" eid is the most bottle neck ceremony. It caused a death of many Muslims last few years. This study suggests multi-solutions to solve the problem by using simulation program. Solutions include add more bridges; increase the radius of al-jamrat circles or using gates and semaphores. The suggested simulation presents any combination of the three solutions. The results of the study encourage adopting these solutions.

References

  • Al-Zahrani, A. 1989. Requirements of elderly people and handicapped during Hajj. Proceedings of Transportation in Hajj Symposium, Makkah, 125-143 (in Arabic)
  • Al-Hajj Research Center Summary, 1990(1410 H. ). Study of Jamarat, Makkah(in Arabic).
  • Ghandoorah, A. 1988. Suggested Solutions for Tawaf, Saee, throwing stones at Jamarat, accommodation and transportation in Makkah, 105-121 (in Arabic).
  • Barhamin, S. and Muhrez, W. 1989. An analytical study for pedestrian walkways in Mena valley. Proceedings of Transportation in Hajj Symposium, Makkah, 97-117 (in Arabic)
  • Al-Gadhi, S. 1990. Charactrization of crowd behavior and movement, unpublished dissertation, The University of Texas, Austin.
  • Selim, S. and Al-Rabeh, A. 1991. On the modeling of pedestrian flow on the Jamarat bridge, Transportation Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, 257-263
  • Al-Haboubi, M. 1992. Anthropometry for a mix of different populations, Applied Ergonomics, Vol. 23, No. 3, 191-196.
  • Habib M. Zein Alabideen, The Development of Jamarat Bridge and Surrounding Area, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs.
  • Averill M. Law, W. David Kelton: Simulation Modeling and Analysis, 3rd edition,2000
  • C. Dennis Pegden, Robert E. Shannon, Randall P. Sadowski: Introduction to Simulation Using SIMAN, 2nd edition.
  • Deitel & Deitel: C++ How to Program, 5th edition.
  • Muhammad H. Al-Haboubi, A new Layout Design for the Jamarat Area (Stoning the Devil), Systems Engineering Department, King Fahad University for Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 2007.