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Impact of Black Hole and Sink Hole Attacks on Routing Protocols for WSN

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2015 by IJCA Journal
Volume 116 - Number 4
Year of Publication: 2015
Padmalaya Nayak
V. Bhavani
B. Lavanya

Padmalaya Nayak, V.bhavani and B.lavanya. Article: Impact of Black Hole and Sink Hole Attacks on Routing Protocols for WSN. International Journal of Computer Applications 116(4):42-46, April 2015. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Padmalaya Nayak and V.bhavani and B.lavanya},
	title = {Article: Impact of Black Hole and Sink Hole Attacks on Routing Protocols for WSN},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {116},
	number = {4},
	pages = {42-46},
	month = {April},
	note = {Full text available}


With the drastic growth of Internet and VLSI design, applications of WSNs are increasing tremendously that ranges from environmental monitoring, habitat monitoring, traffic surveillance to battle fields. In WSN a number of tiny sensor nodes managed by small batteries are deployed in a hostile environment to monitor the physical parameters. During transmission, the sensor nodes consume considerable amount of energy. There are many constraints on these sensor nodes such as limited memory, limited battery power, and limited processing capability. Moreover, these factors impose a restricted lifetime for the entire network. When sensor nodes send the information to the base station (BS), routing protocol plays the key role to deliver the information at the destination. Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) and LEACH-C is the well-known distributed and centralized clustering routing protocol respectively. In LEACH, the cluster head (CH) is elected on a probabilistic threshold value on a rotation basis and only CHs are allowed to send the information to the BS. LEACH-C is the modified version of LEACH and works on the centralized principle. Further, WSNs are vulnerable to many types of attacks, as WSNs are normally deployed in a harsh environment. So, security is one of the major challenging issues that need to be focused. Many researchers have addressed these issues on LEACH protocol as LEACH is the first ever cluster based routing protocol. As far as our knowledge is concerned, there is a lack of research in the current literature by considering both LEACH and LEACH-C protocol under some attacks. So, we have made an attempt to analyze the performance of both the protocols under some well-known attacks like black hole and sink hole attacks. Again, we plan to propose a detection mechanism which is in progress.


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