Call for Paper - July 2018 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the July 2018 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 20, 2018. Read More

A New Linearly Combined Nyquist Pulses for PAPR Reduction in IFDMA

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2015
Amina Mohammad, Bassant Abdelhamid, I.M. Hafez

Amina Mohammad, Bassant Abdelhamid and I M Hafez. Article: A New Linearly Combined Nyquist Pulses for PAPR Reduction in IFDMA. International Journal of Computer Applications 126(6):38-43, September 2015. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Amina Mohammad and Bassant Abdelhamid and I.M. Hafez},
	title = {Article: A New Linearly Combined Nyquist Pulses for PAPR Reduction in IFDMA},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {126},
	number = {6},
	pages = {38-43},
	month = {September},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) is proposed for uplink transmission of Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A) due to its lower Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) compared to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). In this paper, a comparison is introduced between its two subcarrier mapping schemes, Localized-FDMA (LFDMA) and Interleaved-FDMA (IFDMA), in terms of PAPR. Moreover, the paper addresses the performance of SC-FDMA with Pulse Shaping (PS). Since conventional Raised Cosine (RC) PS introduces a trade-off between spectrum efficiency and low PAPR in IFDMA, the results show that some newly combined Nyquist pulses can reduce PAPR of IFDMA significantly while maintaining the same Bandwidth (BW) compared to conventional RC pulse.


  1. E. Dahlman, S. Parkvall, J. Sköld, and P. Beming. 2008 3G Evolution: HSPA and LTE for Mobile Broadband, USA. Academic Press. 2nd ed.
  2. S. Litsyn. 2007 Peak Power Control in Multicarrier Communications. Cambridge University Press. 2nd ed.
  3. H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman. 2008 Single Carrier FDMA A New Air Interface for Long Term Evolution. U.K. Wiley, 1st ed.
  4. H. G. Myung. 2007. Introduction to Single Carrier FDMA. 15th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO 2007), Poland.
  5. H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman, "Single Carrier FDMA for Uplink Wireless Transmission", IEEE, Vehicular Technology Mag.; 2006.
  6. H. G. Myung, J. Lim, and D. J. Goodman. 2006. Peak-To-Average Power Ratio of Single Carrier FDMA Signals With Pulse Shaping. The 17th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Comm. (PIMRC), Finland.
  7. M. Niranjan, and S. Srikanth. 2011. Adaptive Active Constellation Extension for PAPR Reduction in OFDM Systems. IEEE International Conference on Recent Trends in Information Technology (ICRTIT), India.
  8. B. M. Lee, and Y. Kim, "An Adaptive Clipping and Filtering Technique for PAPR Reduction of OFDM Signals", Springer, Circuits, Syst.; and Signal Processing, 2013.
  9. J. Lain, S. Wu, and P. Yang, "PAPR Reduction of OFDM Signals Using PTS: A Real-valued Genetic Approach", Springer, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Comm. and Networking, 2011.
  10. K. Kim, H. Jeon, J. No, and D. Shin, "Low-complexity Selected Mapping Scheme Using Cyclic-shifted Inverse Fast Fourier Transform for Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Systems", IEEE, Comm.; IET, 2013.
  11. C. A. Azurdia-Meza. 2013 Analysis, Design, and Implementation of Parametric Nyquist ISI-Free Pulses in Wireless Communications Systems. Doctoral Thesis. Dept. of Electronics and Radio Eng., Graduate School Kyung Hee Univ., Korea.
  12. S. Mohapatra, S. Das. 2009. Peak-to-Average power Reduction (PAPR) by Pulse Shaping Using a Modified Raised Cosine Filters. Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), Gujarat.
  13. C. A. Azurdia-Meza. 2013. PAPR Reduction in SC-IFDMA Uplink System Using Parametric Pulses. IEEE, Santiago.
  14. G. Strang, 1998 Introduction to Linear Algebra. Wellesley-Cambridge Press,
  15. P. Sandeep, S. Chandan, and A. K. Chaturvedi, "ISI-Free Pulses With Reduction Sensitivity to Timing Errors,” IEEE Comm. Lett., Apr. 2005.
  16. A. Ghosh, R. Ratasuk, B. Mondal, N. Mangalvedhe, T. Thomas, "LTE-advanced: Next-generation Wireless Broadband Technology", [Invited Paper], IEEE ,Wireless Comm. 2010.


Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA), Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTE-A), Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR), Localized-FDMA (LFDMA), Interleaved-FDMA (IFDMA), Raised Cosine (RC).