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Reseach Article

A Print-Scan Resilient Watermarking based on Fourier Transform and Image Restoration

by R. Riad, H. Douzi, M. El Hajji, R. Harba, F. Ros
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 128 - Number 15
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: R. Riad, H. Douzi, M. El Hajji, R. Harba, F. Ros
10.5120/ijca2015906192

R. Riad, H. Douzi, M. El Hajji, R. Harba, F. Ros . A Print-Scan Resilient Watermarking based on Fourier Transform and Image Restoration. International Journal of Computer Applications. 128, 15 ( October 2015), 13-17. DOI=10.5120/ijca2015906192

@article{ 10.5120/ijca2015906192,
author = { R. Riad, H. Douzi, M. El Hajji, R. Harba, F. Ros },
title = { A Print-Scan Resilient Watermarking based on Fourier Transform and Image Restoration },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { October 2015 },
volume = { 128 },
number = { 15 },
month = { October },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 13-17 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume128/number15/22948-2015906192/ },
doi = { 10.5120/ijca2015906192 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T23:21:45.902136+05:30
%A R. Riad
%A H. Douzi
%A M. El Hajji
%A R. Harba
%A F. Ros
%T A Print-Scan Resilient Watermarking based on Fourier Transform and Image Restoration
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 128
%N 15
%P 13-17
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

The print-scan operation is still challenging in the watermarking community, some watermarking techniques were proposed in the literature to deal with this operation. These watermarking techniques are still very sensitive to degradations produced by the print-scan process. This paper investigates a watermarking technique in the Fourier domain that is robust to degradation produced when an image is printed in physical support then rescanned. The watermark is embedded in a middle frequency band of the discrete Fourier transform of an image using the improved spread spectrum technique. Some image restoration techniques were implemented. They were tested on images which were watermarked, printed and then rescanned before the watermark extraction. Experimental results clearly show the advantage of using the proposed approach.

References
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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Watermarking Fourier transformation spread spectrum print-scan image restoration.