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Dynamic Thresholding based Adaptive Canny Edge Detection

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Ferdous Hossain, Mina Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Abu Yousuf, Md. Armanur Rahman

Ferdous Hossain, Mina Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Abu Yousuf and Md. Armanur Rahman. Article: Dynamic Thresholding based Adaptive Canny Edge Detection. International Journal of Computer Applications 135(4):37-41, February 2016. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Ferdous Hossain and Mina Asaduzzaman and Mohammad Abu Yousuf and Md. Armanur Rahman},
	title = {Article: Dynamic Thresholding based Adaptive Canny Edge Detection},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2016},
	volume = {135},
	number = {4},
	pages = {37-41},
	month = {February},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


In this paper, a method for adaptive Canny edge detection algorithm is proposed. Adaptive Canny algorithm is used to increase the accuracy of output objects. In traditional Canny need to set two threshold values manually, so there are some defects to different images but this paper puts faorward an adaptive threshold values based on mean and median values. Our proposed adaptive Canny edge detection method can detect edges successfully which is divided into several steps. First, Gaussian filter is used to smooth and remove noise. Second, gradient magnitude is computed. Third, non-maximum suppression is applied in which the algorithm removes pixels that are not part of an edge. Finally, hysteresis thresholding is applied which uses two threshold values, upper and lower. A pixel will be marked as an edge if it’s gradient lies in between of lower and upper threshold values. A pixel will be discarded if it’s gradient below the lower or beyond the upper threshold values. Eventually, the pixels gradient is between the two threshold values will be connected as marked edge. The experimental results show the efficacy of the proposed method.


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Adaptive canny; sobel; dynamic threshold; edge detection