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Effectiveness of Power Harvesting in Hierarchical Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks

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International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Authors:
M. A. Mohamed, M. M. Abdel-Razzak, A. K. Tawfeec
10.5120/ijca2016911750

M A Mohamed, M M Abdel-Razzak and A K Tawfeec. Effectiveness of Power Harvesting in Hierarchical Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks. International Journal of Computer Applications 152(1):9-19, October 2016. BibTeX

@article{10.5120/ijca2016911750,
	author = {M. A. Mohamed and M. M. Abdel-Razzak and A. K. Tawfeec},
	title = {Effectiveness of Power Harvesting in Hierarchical Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {October 2016},
	volume = {152},
	number = {1},
	month = {Oct},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {9-19},
	numpages = {11},
	url = {http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume152/number1/26281-2016911750},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016911750},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}
}

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs)consist of a large number of power constrained inexpensive sensor nodes, which aggregate data from the environment and transmit to sink node or base station, saving energy; lifetime; energy efficiency; fault tolerance; deployment of nodes, and latency have become the main great challenges in WSNs due to its wide range of applications. Clustering in routing protocols is a key technique optimize energy consumption in WSNs. In this paper, we propose routing protocol prolong stability and life time of the network. Hence, with the increased complexity of the application, WSN heterogeneity and energy level are also increased. Simulation of 100 sensor node in a field of 100×100m, nodes are deployed random, base station is centered in the field and have unlimited power, hence ignoring the effect caused by interference and signal collision in the wireless channel was carried out. Simulation results show that the proposed routing protocol performs better performance measures than all presented traditional techniques: LEACH, SEP, TEEN, DEEC and DDEEC with more stability and effective messages.

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Keywords

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Quality of Service (QoS), Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Stable Election Protocol (SEP), Energy Efficient Sensor Network (TEEN), Distributed Energy Efficient Clustering (DEEC).