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Automatic Identifying Rhythm of Arabic Poem

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Mohamed Y. Dahab, Ablah AlAmri, Bayan Bagasi, Ebtesam AlMalki, Ola AlBeshri

Mohamed Y Dahab, Ablah AlAmri, Bayan Bagasi, Ebtesam AlMalki and Ola AlBeshri. Automatic Identifying Rhythm of Arabic Poem. International Journal of Computer Applications 153(1):21-36, November 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Mohamed Y. Dahab and Ablah AlAmri and Bayan Bagasi and Ebtesam AlMalki and Ola AlBeshri},
	title = {Automatic Identifying Rhythm of Arabic Poem},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {November 2016},
	volume = {153},
	number = {1},
	month = {Nov},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {21-36},
	numpages = {16},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016911956},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The poem in the Arabic language is a composition of verse to describe the sense of people to effect and share the feeling with listeners, the poem written in separate lines, that usually has figurative language and has a repeated rhythm and rhyme. Al-Khaleel Bin Ahmad Al-Frahide is the inventor of ‘AlOrood’ (العروض) poem template science (PTS). He invented weighting of Arabic poem which identifies poem. The Arabic poem contains one or more poem segments (PS) (البيت). The PS is a correct construction lyrics group, weighted according to the knowledge of the rules and RS, be in the same unit matching by a specific 'TafEelAh' (تفعيلة) musical pattern (MP). The Arabic PS classified according to how it matches with (بحر) poem template (PT).

This paper provides set of algorithms to identify Arabic poem template of Arabic poem segments that rely on poem template science.


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Text Mining and Arabic Morphological Analyzer. BACKGROUND he poems in the Arabic language is one of the most popular literature, old Arabian poets gave a great attention to poems, the poem is a verse of poetry or a collection of correction structure words. The poem consists of many lines where each line has two halves clearly distinct, each line called PS. Al-Khaleel Bin Ahmad Al-Frahide (الخليلبنأحمدالفراهيدي) invented PTS to measure and define a set of specific music templates. Arabic philologists define PTS as the science of the rules by means of which one distinguishes correct meters from faulty ones in ancient poetry. Al-Frahide determined the part of templates in which they can be increased or decrease without taking the tune out of balance. These musical templates are classified into variant sets of types, each of which is PT. In order to understand the way how a PT is assigned to a poem, there is a need to clarify some terms and definitions: MP is a repeated musical pattern which organizes in