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Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) based Relational Database Watermarking

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Manoj Kumar, O. P. Verma, Archana Saxena

Manoj Kumar, O P Verma and Archana Saxena. Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) based Relational Database Watermarking. International Journal of Computer Applications 154(6):20-28, November 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Manoj Kumar and O. P. Verma and Archana Saxena},
	title = {Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) based Relational Database Watermarking},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {November 2016},
	volume = {154},
	number = {6},
	month = {Nov},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {20-28},
	numpages = {9},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016912159},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Database Watermarking methods are used for copyright protection of relational database. Many techniques have been developed for watermarking multimedia digital assets like audio, video, text, images etc. But these methods are usually not applicable with numerical database, because to insert a watermark into a data, small error is created in data, called mark. An error in relational data is usually not acceptable, so a different approach need to be develop to create a mark into the numerical database. Many different approaches have been discussed in previous researches for relational database watermarking. In this paper a new approach has been introduced for relational database watermarking using Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC). It has been proofed that ECC provides more security with smaller key size in comparison with other encryption techniques. Proposed approach gives better results in subset deletion and selection attacks which have been compared with other methods.


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Relational Database Watermarking, Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem, Watermark Extraction, Watermark Insertion, Watermarking.

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