Call for Paper - November 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the November 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is October 20, 2022. Read More

Evaluation of OPC-UA Framework Applied to Microgrid Energy Dispatch Management

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Roberto Alexandre Dias, Gregory das Chagas Gomes, Marcelo Lobo Heldwin

Roberto Alexandre Dias, Gregory Chagas Gomes and Marcelo Lobo Heldwin. Evaluation of OPC-UA Framework Applied to Microgrid Energy Dispatch Management. International Journal of Computer Applications 154(7):20-27, November 2016. BibTeX

	author = {Roberto Alexandre Dias and Gregory das Chagas Gomes and Marcelo Lobo Heldwin},
	title = {Evaluation of OPC-UA Framework Applied to Microgrid Energy Dispatch Management},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {November 2016},
	volume = {154},
	number = {7},
	month = {Nov},
	year = {2016},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {20-27},
	numpages = {8},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2016912213},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


This work presents a review on the OLE FOR PROCESS CONTROL – UNIFIED ARCHITECTURE OPC-UA framework and standards aiming to use OPC-UA in SmartGrids applications. The support for Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and native security implementation of the OPC-UA are analyzed as an option to supervise and control small Microgrids, like microgeneration farm in Green Datacenters. Based in these features a communication model based on OPC-UA framework was proposed. The main contribution of this work is a performance evaluation of the OPC-UA transmission time between Microgrids devices (electrical converters and inverters, power meters and controllers) and the comparison with IEC 1646 and IEC 61850 standards requirements.


  1. OPC Foundation Web Site. Unified Architecture. Last visited in June 2015.
  2. Cerami, Ethan. Web Services Essentials: Distributed Applications with XML-RPC, SOAP, UDDI & WSDL. O'Reilly. Feb. 2012.
  3. Mahnke, Wolfgang et all. OPC Unified Architecture. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 2009.
  4. Leitner, Stefan-Helmut, and Wolfgang Mahnke. OPC UA–service-oriented architecture for industrial applications. ABB Corporate Research Center (2006).
  5. OPC Foundation. Lats visited in June 2015.
  6. Post, Olli, Jari Seppälä, and Hannu Koivisto. The Performance of OPC-UA Security Model at Field Device Level. International Conference in Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics- ICINCO-RA. 2009.
  7. OpenSSL. OpenSSL Project. Last visited in June 2015.
  8. Fernbach, Andreas, and Wolfgang Kastner. Certificate management in OPC UA applications: An evaluation of different trust models. Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2012 IEEE 17th Conference on. IEEE, 2012. DOI: 10.1109/ETFA.2012.6489675
  9. MatrikonOPC OPC UA Embedded Server Software Development Kit. Last visited in June 2015.
  10. Fu, Sheng-Yu, Jan-Jan Wu, and Wei-Chung Hsu. Improving SIMD code generation in QEMU. Proceedings of the 2015 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition. EDA Consortium, 2015.
  11. Ubuntu Packages. Download link. Last Visited in June 2015.
  12. Allwinner Technology. A20 Information page. Last visited in June 2015.
  13. Linksprite Site. Last visited in June 2015.
  14. Ghafurian, Reza. Smart grid: The electric energy system of the future. Proceedings of the IEEE, 2011. DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2011.2124210
  15. A.T. Ghareeb, A.A. Mohamed and O.A. Mohammed. DC microgrids and distribution systems: An overview. Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PES), 2013 IEEE, pp. 1-5 DOI: 10.1109/PESMG.2013.6672624
  16. Erol-Kantarci, Melike, and Hussein T. Mouftah. Energy-Efficient Information and Communication Infrastructures in the Smart Grid: A Survey on Interactions and Open Issues. Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE17.1 (2015): 179-197. DOI: 10.1109/COMST.2014.2341600
  17. Liaria, Alvaro, et al. Survey on microgrids: unplanned islanding and related inverter control techniques. Renewable Energy 36.8 (2011): 2052-2061.
  18. Dias, Roberto A., Souza Tiago E. Uma Abordagem de Gerenciamento Integrado de Processos Industriais Empregando a Arquitetura Orientada a Serviços. In: Proceedings of I2ts 2010 - 9th International Information and Telecommunication Technologies Symposium. Rio de Janeiro Brazil.
  19. Post, Olli, Jari Seppälä, and Hannu Koivisto. The Performance of OPC-UA Security Model at Field Device Level. ICINCO-RA. 2009.
  20. Wikipedia. Chamada de procedimento remoto. Acessado em 05 de Agosto de 2015.
  21. Lehnhoff, Sebastian, et al. OPC unified architecture: a service-oriented architecture for smart grids. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Software Engineering Challenges for the Smart Grid. IEEE Press, 2012. DOI: 10.1109/SE4SG.2012.6225723
  22. Sučić, Stjepan. "Optimizing OPC UA middleware performance for energy automation applications." Energy (2014). DOI: 10.1109/ENERGYCON.2014.6850632
  23. Deng, Wei, et al. “Adaptive Micro-Grid Operation Based on IEC 61850”, Energies 8.5 (2015): 4455-4475. DOI: 10.3390/en8054455
  24. Quinteiro Pica, Cesare, Marcos Aurelio Izumida Martins, Tania Nalborczyk Leites, and Nilo Rodrigues. “The regulatory challenge of integrating microgrids in the Brazilian context", in Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Latin America (ISGT LATAM), 2015 IEEE PES, pp. 148-153. IEEE, 2015. DOI: 10.1109/ISGT-LA.2015.7381144
  25. Katia Gregio Di Santo, Eduardo Kanashiro, Silvio Giuseppe Di Santo, Marco Antonio Saidel, “A review on smart grids and experiences in Brazil”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 52, December 2015, Pages 1072-1082, ISSN 1364-0321, DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.182
  26. Sun, Jianfeng; Yue, Xing; Zhang, Zhaolai; Wang, Wei, "Analysis of High Voltage DC Power System Topologies for Use in Datacenters", in Proceedings of 2013 35th International Telecommunications Energy Conference 'Smart Power and Efficiency' (INTELEC), pp.1-5, 2013.
  27. Salato, M.; Zolj, A.; Becker, D.J.; Sonnenberg, B.J., "Power system architectures for 380V DC distribution in telecom datacenters", in IEEE 34th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC), pp.1-7, 2012. DOI: 10.1109/INTLEC.2012.6374469


OPC-UA, SmartGrids, Microgrids, Green datacenters, Cybersecurity.