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Application of Android-based Ear Biometrics Identification

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International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Authors:
Ni Kadek Ayu Wirdiani, Ni Nyoman Triana Anggra Emi, A. A. K. Oka Sudana
10.5120/ijca2017915181

Ni Kadek Ayu Wirdiani, Ni Nyoman Triana Anggra Emi and Oka A A K Sudana. Application of Android-based Ear Biometrics Identification. International Journal of Computer Applications 172(10):11-17, August 2017. BibTeX

@article{10.5120/ijca2017915181,
	author = {Ni Kadek Ayu Wirdiani and Ni Nyoman Triana Anggra Emi and A. A. K. Oka Sudana},
	title = {Application of Android-based Ear Biometrics Identification},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {August 2017},
	volume = {172},
	number = {10},
	month = {Aug},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {11-17},
	numpages = {7},
	url = {http://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume172/number10/28286-2017915181},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017915181},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}
}

Abstract

A biometrics-based security system is a security system that uses self-recognition technology using human body parts or behavior. This study uses the ear as a feature of biometrics. The image was taken or captured by using smartphone camera; the image was converted to grayscale and Gaussian Filter to reduce noise in the image. The extraction process done by three methods, they are: Canny Edge Detection, Hough Transform, and Oriented FAST and Rotated BRIEF (ORB). Canny Edge Detection is used to get the line in the ear, Hough Transform is used to look for ear circle shape. Invariant Moments to take the image value feature for both methods. ORB is used to search the ear keypoint, to get the feature value done by taking the ORB Feature. Identification process using Euclidean Distance for Canny Edge Detection and Hough Transform, meanwhile for ORB Method used Hamming Distance calculation. Combining these three methods resulted in a match rate of 54%.

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Keywords

Ear Biometrics, Canny Edge Detection, Hough Transform, Oriented FAST and Rotated BRIEF, Euclidean Distance.