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DCT with Quad tree and Huffman Coding for Color Images

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Sandhya Kadam, Vijay Rathod

Sandhya Kadam and Vijay Rathod. DCT with Quad tree and Huffman Coding for Color Images. International Journal of Computer Applications 173(9):33-37, September 2017. BibTeX

	author = {Sandhya Kadam and Vijay Rathod},
	title = {DCT with Quad tree and Huffman Coding for Color Images},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {September 2017},
	volume = {173},
	number = {9},
	month = {Sep},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {33-37},
	numpages = {5},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017915431},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Many methods are available for compression of an image file. Images are usually in the form of matrices and an uncompressed image uses a huge number of bytes for storage. Its applications in various fields are quality control, remote sensing, imaging science etc. The image compression methods which are popular on the transform based coding methods like Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and fractals. However, these methods have drawbacks like low compression ratio and high encoding time. The proposed hybrid technique combines DCT and fractal quad tree decomposition with Huffman encoding of fixed threshold value for color images. The results for the proposed method are displayed and compared for performance parameters as compression ratio, encoding time, decoding time and PSNR.


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DCT, Fractal Quad tree, Huffman coding, Fractal Image Compression, Hybrid methodology