CFP last date
20 June 2024
Reseach Article

Smart City- Far and Near Dream in Indian Context

by Aishwarya N., Aarthy Chellasamy, Shikha Bhagat
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 174 - Number 12
Year of Publication: 2021
Authors: Aishwarya N., Aarthy Chellasamy, Shikha Bhagat

Aishwarya N., Aarthy Chellasamy, Shikha Bhagat . Smart City- Far and Near Dream in Indian Context. International Journal of Computer Applications. 174, 12 ( Jan 2021), 25-31. DOI=10.5120/ijca2021921006

@article{ 10.5120/ijca2021921006,
author = { Aishwarya N., Aarthy Chellasamy, Shikha Bhagat },
title = { Smart City- Far and Near Dream in Indian Context },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { Jan 2021 },
volume = { 174 },
number = { 12 },
month = { Jan },
year = { 2021 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 25-31 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/ijca2021921006 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-07T00:21:56.335669+05:30
%A Aishwarya N.
%A Aarthy Chellasamy
%A Shikha Bhagat
%T Smart City- Far and Near Dream in Indian Context
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 174
%N 12
%P 25-31
%D 2021
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) brings a notable change in the way a government initiates and frames policy making. The concept of Smart City (SC) means to improve the quality of life of people and there is no universally accepted definition of smart city as it differs country to country and state to state. On analyzing the literature the authors has identified four impeding factors(urbanization, government support, social support and Technology) and three facilitating factors (e-governance, sustainability and infrastructure) for the development of smart cities in Indian context. The authors has emphasized on six important components (Smart governance, Smart technology, Smart energy, Smart education, Smart infrastructure, Smart Mobility) which the policy makers can concentrate to achieve the dream of Smart Cities in India. There are also private firms like IBM, Gaia, Cubical Labs, FluxGen Technologies, Altiux Innovations SenseGiz and CISCO. CRISIL, KPMG, McKinsey and Matt McDonald which actively contributes for the Smart City Initiative in India. This work gives an idea for policy makers and managers of the company to improvise on the smart city strategy and planning for better implementation to compete in twenty first century..

  1. Palmisano, Samuel J. Shining Cities on a Smarter Planet. The Huffington Post. May 22, 2009. http://www.huffingtonpost. com/sam-palmisano/shining-cities-on-asmart_b_206702.html.
  2. Tuba Bakıcı, Esteve Almirall and Jonathan Wareham (2013). A Smart City Initiative: the Case of Barcelona, Journal of Knowledge Economy, 4,135-148.
  3. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision (ST/ESA/SER.A/420). New York: United Nations.
  4. H.Plecher (2020). India: Degree of Urbanization form 2009-2019. July8,2020.
  5. SESEI (2018), on-Smart-Cities-Mission-in-India_July_2018_Final.pdf
  6. Bhattacharya, S., and Rathi, S.(2015). Re-conceptualizing Smart Cities: A Reference Framework for India, (CSTEP-Report-2015-03).
  8. Caragliu A, Bo C, Nijkamp P (2009) Smart cities in Europe. Research memorandum, 48. Retrieved from:
  9. Hall RE (2000) The vision of a smart city. (Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA), 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, Paris, 28 September.
  10. Hollands RG (2008) Will the real smart city please stand up? City 12(3):303–320
  11. Batty, M., Axhausen, K. W., Giannotti, F., Pozdnoukhov, A., Bazzani, A., Wachowicz, M., Portugali, Y. (2012). Smart cities of the future. The European Physical Journal, 481–518.
  12. Harris, P. H. (1992). The Techno-polis phenomenon-smart cities, fast systems, global networks. Behavioral Science, Vol. 38.
  13. Natalia veselitskaya, Oleg karasev and Alexey beloshitskiy (2019).Drivers and Barriers for Smart Cities Development. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management , Vol. 14, No. 1. 85-110.
  14. Chourabi, H., Nam, T., Walker, S., Gil-Garcia, J. R., Mellouli, S., Nahon, K., Pardo, T. A., & Scholl, H. J. (2012). Understanding smart cities: An integrative framework. In Proceedings of the 45th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-45, pp. 2289-2297.
  15. Harrison, I., Donnelly, A. (2011). A Theory of Smart Cities. IBM Working Paper.
  16. Doug Washburn and Usman Sindhu (2010). Helping CIOs Understand “Smart City” Initiatives Defining The Smart City, Its Drivers, And The Role of The CIO. Forrester Research, Inc. February 11,2010.
  17. Data Smart Cities: Empowering Cities through Data (2018). Retrieved from:
  18. Boulton, A., Brunn, S.D., & Devriendt, L. (2011). Cyber Infrastructures and “smart” world cities: Physical, human, and soft infrastructures. In Taylor, P., Derudder, B., Hoyler, M., & Witlox, F. (Eds.),International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  19. Hall, R. E. (2000). The vision of a smart city. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, Paris, France, September 28. Available from: oyxp82/webviewable/773961.pdf.
  20. Giffinger, R., Fertner, C., Kramar, H., Kalasek, R., Pichler-Milanović, N., & Meijers, E. (2007). Smart Cities: Ranking of European Medium-Sized Cities. Vienna, Austria: Centre of Regional Science (SRF), Vienna University of Technology.
  21. Harrison, C., Eckman, B., Hamilton, R., Hartswick, P., Kalagnanam, J., Paraszczak, J., & Williams, P. (2010). Foundations for Smarter Cities. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 54(4).
  22. Natural Resources Defense Council. What are smarter cities?, Retrieved from
  23. Jonathan Woetzel, Jaana Remes,Brodie Boland, Katrina Lv, Suveer Sinha,Gernot Strube,John Means,Jonathan Law, Andres Cadena, Valerie von der Tann (2018). Smart cities:Digital solutions for A more Livable Future (2018): Retrieved from: Insights/Smart cities/Digital solutions for a more livable future/MGI-Smart-Cities-Full-Report.ashx.
  24. Pallavi Shukla (2015). Smart Cities in India. Energy and Resource Institute. Retrieved from:
  25. Pramod Kholapur (2015). Smart Cities in India Growth Drivers. Retrieved From:
  26. Elmangoush, A., Coskun, H., Wahle, S. and Magedanz, T. (2013). Design aspects for a reference M2M communication platform for smart cities. 9th international conference on innovations in information technology, 204–209.
  27. Kogan, N. and Lee, K.J. (2014). Exploratory research on success factors and challenges of smart city projects. MSc Thesis, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.
  28. Letaifa, S. B. (2015). How to strategize smart cities: Revealing the SMART model. Journal of Business Research, 68(7), 1414–1419.
  29. Komninos, N., Pallot, M., & Schaffers, H. (2013). Special issue on smart cities and the future internet in Europe. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 4(2), 119–134.
  30. IET (2017). Smart cities – Time to involve the people. The Institution of Engineering and Technology. Available at: sectors/thought-leadership/future-cities/articles/smart-citiesinvolve. cfm?utm_source=redirect&utm_medium=any&utmcampaign=smartcities.
  31. Glaeser, E. L., Resseger, M., & Tobio, K. (2009). Inequality in cities. Journal of Regional Science, 49(4), 617–646.
  32. Monzon, A. (2015). Smart cities concept and challenges: Bases for the assessment of smart city projects. International conference on smart cities and green ICT systems, 17–31
  33. Rana, N.P., Luthra, S., Mangla, S.K. Rubin Islam, Sian Roderick and Yogesh K.Dwivedi (2019). Barriers to the Development of Smart Cities in Indian Context. Information Systems Frontier ,21, 503–525.
  34. Scuotto, V., Ferraris, A., & Bresciani, S. (2016). Internet of things: Applications and challenges in smart cities: A case study of IBM smart city projects. Business Process Management Journal, 22(2), 357–367.
  35. Vasseur, J. (2010). Smart cities and urban networks. In Vasseur, J. & Dunkels, A. (Eds.), Interconnecting Smart Objects with IP: The Next Internet (pp. 360- 377). Burlington, MA: Morgan Kaufmann.
  36. Odendaal, N. (2003). Information and communication technology and local governance: Understanding the difference between cities in developed and emerging economies. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 27(6), 585-607.
  37. Smart City (2018). Driving Forces that Stimulate the Growth of Smart Cities. Retrieved from: cities According to the survey analysis, development environmental pollution and sustainability. Even for the smallest cities, be the major driving force.
  38. Gil-García, J. R., & Pardo, T. A. (2005). E-government success factors: Mapping practical tools to theoretical foundations. Government Information Quarterly, 22(2), 187-216.
  39. Scholl, H. J., Barzilai-Nahon, K., Ahn, J-H., Olga, P., & Barbara, R. (2009). E-commerce and e-government: How do they compare? What can they learn from each other?. Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaiian International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2009), Koloa, Hawaii, January 4-7.
  40. William D.Eggers and John Skoworn (2018). Forces of Change: Smart Cities, Deloitte. Retrieved From:
  41. Kobayashi, A.R.K.; Kniess, C.T.; Serra, F.A.R.; Ferraz, R.R.N.; Ruiz, M.S (2017). Smart Sustainable Cities: Bibliometric Study and Patent Information. International. Journal of Innovation, 5.
  42. Neirotti, P. De Marco, A. Cagliano, A.C. Mangano, G. Scorrano, F (2014). Current Trends in Smart City Initiatives: Some Stylized Facts. Cities, 38, 25–36.
  43. Andre Luis Azevedo Guedes , Jeferson Carvalho Alvarenga, Maurício dos Santos Sgarbi Goulart, Martius Vicente Rodriguez y Rodriguez, and Carlos Alberto Pereira Soare (2018). Smart Cities: The Main Drivers for Increasing the Intelligence of Cities. Sustainability, 10,3121.
  44. Bajaj 2018, Smart Cities in India: Creating a Smarter nation, Sterlite Tech.
  45. Cicea, Corina Marinescu and NicolaePintilie 2019, Smart cities using smart choices for energy, Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management , Vol. 14, No. 4 , pp. 22-34
  46. Enovado report 2017, The India Smart City Opportunity.
  47. Frost & Sullivan report 2017, Smart cities.
  48. GrantThronton report 2015, Smart Cities – What’s in it for Business. PHD Chamber.
  49. Gil-Garcia, J. Ramon & Pardo, Theresa & Nam, Taewoo. (2015). What makes a city smart? Identifying core components and proposing an integrative and comprehensive conceptualization. Information Polity. 20. 61-87. 10.3233/IP-150354.
  50. Juneja 2017, These IoT companies are helping Indian cities become smart, Your story.
  51. Kitchin R. 2016, The ethics of smart cities and urban science. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 374:20160115.
  52. Market study report (2017), Smart Cities Market to 2025 by Industry Verticals (Smart Infrastructure, Smart Governance, Smart Transportations, Smart Energy and Smart Education) - Global Analysis and Forecast, The Insight Partners
  53. Pagan 2018, Smart Cities: The Next Frontier, US Black Engineer and Information Technology , Vol. 42, No. 1 (2018), pp. 78-80
  54. Research and Market report 2020, “Future of Smart Cities - Key City Profiles”, Dublin.
  55. Syal and KwekuOfei-Amoh, Smart-Grid Technologies in Housing, Cityscape, Vol. 15, No. 2, Mixed Messages on Mixed Incomes (2013), pp. 283-288
  56. Smart city plans retrieved from 16.7.2020.
  57. 100 Smart cities mission retrieved from on 16.7.2020.
  58. Status of Smart city Projects retrieved from on 16.7.2020
  59. Vanolo, A. (2014). Smart mentality: The smart city as disciplinary strategy. Urban Studies, 51(5), 883–898.
  60. Yigitcanlar, T. (2016). Technology and the city: Systems, applications and implications. New York: Routledge.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


ICT Infrastructure Policy making Private firms Smart city Urbanization