Call for Paper - November 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the November 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is October 20, 2022. Read More

Early Detection Coronavirus Transmission on Object Surfaces using Kite Bones Method

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Julianus Gesuri Daud, Muchdar Dg. Patabo, Josephine Sundah

Julianus Gesuri Daud, Muchdar Dg. Patabo and Josephine Sundah. Early Detection Coronavirus Transmission on Object Surfaces using Kite Bones Method. International Journal of Computer Applications 174(14):35-41, January 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Julianus Gesuri Daud and Muchdar Dg. Patabo and Josephine Sundah},
	title = {Early Detection Coronavirus Transmission on Object Surfaces using Kite Bones Method},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {January 2021},
	volume = {174},
	number = {14},
	month = {Jan},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {35-41},
	numpages = {7},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921037},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


COVID-19 can be passed from person to person through droplets that come out of the nose or mouth of an infected person when they sneeze. Even droplets can fall on objects and surfaces around us. By using the "kite bone" method which emphasizes the element of balance, early detection of corona virus transmission before students do practicum at the Distribution, Protection and Energy Conversion Laboratory will be able to prevent the spread of the corona virus to humans and equipment made of metal and non-metal. The laboratory equipment prototype placed at the door provided stimulation to each student where their bodies were illuminated with incandescent lamps for 3 minutes to 5 minutes with the result that 42.1% felt more confident, 21% felt healthy, 15.8% felt excited and 10 , 5% each feel comfortable and happy so that practicum activities in the laboratory run smoothly.


  1. Xin’gang Zhao, Han Jingdong, Ning Yuanheng, Meng Anming, Chen Yeguang, 2003, “ Bioinformatic analysis of putative gene products encoded in SARS-HCoV genome.“ Tsinghua Science nd Technology. Volume 8..
  2. J. Blazewicz, M. Figlerowicz, p. Jackowiak, D. Janny, D. Jarczynski, M. Kasprzak, M. Nalewaj, B. Nowierski, R. Styszynski, L. Szajkowski, P. Widera, 2004, “ Parallel DNA sequence assembly.“ Proceedings of the Fifth Mexican International Conference in Computer Science.
  3. Xinglai Ji, Shuqun Liu, Jesse Li-Ling, Zhirong Sun, 2004, “ Protein subcellular localization prediction and genomic polymorphism analysis of the SARS coronavirus.” Tsinghua Science and Technology. Volume 9.
  4. Lei Gao, Yongsheng Ding, Hua Dai, Zhende Huang, Shihuang Shao, 2004, “ A novel fingerprint map of SARS-CoV with visualization analysis..” Third International Conference on Image and Graphics (ICIG’04).
  5. Wen-Yang Chang, Po-Hsun Sung, Chun-Hsun Chu, Ching-Jui Shih, Yu-Cheng Lin, 2008, “ Phase Detection of the Two-Port FPW Sensor for Biosensing.” IEEE Sensors Journal.
  6. M. M. Y. Waye, P. T. W. Law, Chi-Hang Wong, T. C. C. Au, C. Chuck, Siu-Kai Kong, P. K. S. Chan, Ka-Fai To, A. W. I. Lo, J. Y. W. Chan, Yick-Keung Suen, H. Y. E. Chan, Kwok-Pui Fung, J. J. Y. Sung, Y. M. D. Lo, S. K. W. Tsui, 2005, “ The 3a Protein of SARS-coronavirus Induces Apoptosis in Vero E6 Cells.” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27 th Annual Conference.
  7. Kuo-Yuan Hwa, Wan Man Lin, Yung-I Hou, Trai-Ming Yeh, 2007, “ Molecular Mimicry between SARS Coronavirus Spike Protein and Human Protein.” Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies.
  8. Robert K. McCormack, Linda J. S. Allen, 2007, “ Disease emergence in multi-host epidemic models.” Mathematical Medicine and Biology. A Jounal of the IMA, Volume 24.
  9. Ying-Feng Chang, Jason C. Huang. Li-Chen Su, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen, Chii-Chang Chen, Chien Chou, 2009, “ Localized surface plasmon coupied fluorescence fiber-optic biosensor for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus nucleocapsid protein detection. “ 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference.
  10. Francis Thamburaj, Copinath Ganapathy, 2010, “ Analysis of genome signature strength of SARS coronavirus using Self-Organizing Map neural network. “ International Conference on Communication and Computational Intellingence (INCOCCI).
  11. Amer Alazawy, Siti-Suri Arshad, Mohd-Hair Bejo, Abdul-Rahman Omar, Tengku-Azmi Tengku Ibrahim, Saeed Sharif, Faruku Bande, Kamarudin Awang-Isa, 2011, “ Ultrastructure of Felis catus whole fetus (Fcwf-4) cell culture following infection with feline coronavirus.“ IEEE.
  12. You-Ren Hsu, Geng-Yen Lee, Jen-Inn Chyi, Chung-ke Chang, Chih-Cheng Huang, Chen-Pin Hsu, Tai-Huang Huang, Fan Ren, Yu-Lin Wang, 2012, “ Investigation of the binding affinity of C-terminal domain of SARS coronavirus nucleocapsid protein to nucleotide using AIGAN/GaN high electron mobility transistors.“ SENSORS, 2012 IEEE.
  13. Yingxin Hu, Zhaohui Qi, Lijuan Zheng, Wenfeng Zhou, 2013, “A simple method for phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences.” Proceedings of 2013 3 rd International Conference on Computer Science and Network Technology.
  14. Amit Kumar, Anupam Bhattacharya, Amita Kashyap, 2013, “ Antigenic epitope prediction of small envelope protein and designing a vaccine by using reverse vaccinology approach against SARS coronavirus Tor2 strain.“ 15 th International Conference on Advanced Computing Technologies (ICACT).
  15. Insung Ahn, Jin-Hwa Jang, 2015, “Comparative study of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus using bioinformatics techniques.” IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM).
  16. Hyuk-Jun Chang, 2016, “Evaluation of the basic reproduction number of MERS-CoV during the 2015 outbreak in South Korea.” 16 th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems (ICCAS).
  17. Heba Kurdia, Nora AlMansour, 2017, “Identifying accurate classifier models for a text-based MERS-CoV dataset.” Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys).
  18. Soyoung Hong, Sungwoo Choi, Donghyun Kim, Taeseon Yoon, 2017, “Epidemiological analysis of MERS-CoV using NN and SVM in respect to applicability of AI in multiple classes.” 19 th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (ICACT).
  19. Qian Xia, Xiaoyan He, Fangji Yang, Xuling Liu, Ying Li, Yujing Liu, ZhengMeng Yang, Jianhai Yu, Bao Zhang, Wei Zhao, 2018, “Analysis of the Genome Sequence and Prediction of B-Cell Epitopes of the Envelope Protein of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus.” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.
  20. Linhao Zhong, Lin Mu, Jing Li, Jiaying Wang, Zhe Yin, Darong Liu, 2020, “Early Prediction of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak In the Mainland China Based on Simple Mathematical Model.” IEEE Access. Volume 8.
  21. Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, 2020, "Distribution of Corona Virus Patients by age in Indonesia." Jakarta.
  22. North Sulawesi Covid-19 Task Force, 2020, "Info on Covid-19 Patients in North Sulawesi." Manado.
  23. Julianus G. Daud, Fransiscus Tulung, Moody Tumembouw, 2018, “Solution to electricity problems in North Sulawesi through the utilization of Tidal Energy using the kite bones method with IoT.” IEEE.


Coronavirus transmission, kite bones method, heater corona.