Call for Paper - January 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2022. Read More

Temporal Blockchain Approach based Secure Ehealth Framework

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Shekh Jahid, Zuber Farooqui

Shekh Jahid and Zuber Farooqui. Temporal Blockchain Approach based Secure Ehealth Framework. International Journal of Computer Applications 174(28):29-32, April 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Shekh Jahid and Zuber Farooqui},
	title = {Temporal Blockchain Approach based Secure Ehealth Framework},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {April 2021},
	volume = {174},
	number = {28},
	month = {Apr},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {29-32},
	numpages = {4},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921202},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The advent of the internet and its impact on healthcare domain made it possible to store, access and update medical records anywhere and anytime. Medical discrepancies associated with Electronic Health Records (EHR) and concerns related to privacy and security issues need to be addressed. Perhaps the biggest issue of all was lack of standardization and indeed it is not the only challenge in EHR. Decentralized online ledgers with blockchain based platforms proposed and in use to address the interoperability and privacy issues. In this paper shows that the temporal shadow concepts and context-based properties have an impact on performance of the proposed Secure eHealth Framework (SeFra) to manage the Personalised Micro Ledger (PML) securely. Also it contributes to capture medical data in text format with temporal properties and share the data among all other peers as per the policies specified in the context-based smart contract. Significantly, the framework has the potential to address the issues in siloed data and provide tamper-proof, secure transactions in healthcare domain.


  1. Cong Feng, Liang Tan, Huan Xiao, Keping Yu, Xin Qi5, Zheng Wen and You Jiang, “PDKSAP : Perfected Double-Key Stealth Address Protocol without Temporary Key Leakage in Blockchain”, International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC Workshops), IEEE 2020.
  2. Zhang, Y., Kasahara, S., Shen, Y., Jiang, X. and Wan, J. (2019), ‘Smart Contract-Based Access Control for the Internet of Things’, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6(2), 1594– 1605.
  3. Zhang, A. and Lin, X. (2018), ‘Towards Secure and Privacy-Preserving Data Sharing in e-Health Systems via Consortium Blockchain’, Journal of Medical Systems, 42(8), 1-18.
  4. Xu, R., Chen, Y., Blasch, E. and Chen, G. (2019), ‘Exploration of a blockchain-enabled decentralized capability-based access control strategy for space situation awareness’, Optical Engineering, 58(4), 1-16.
  5. Xia, Q.I., Sifah, E.B., Asamoah, K.O., Gao, J., Du, X. and Guizani, M. (2017), ‘MeDShare: Trust-less medical data sharing among cloud service providers via blockchain’, IEEE Access, 5(1), 14757-14767.
  6. Liu, V., Musen, M. and Chou, T. (2015), ‘Data Breaches of Protected Health Information in the United States’. 313(14), 1471-1473.
  7. Liu, W., Zhu, S. S., Mundie, T. and Krieger, U. (2017), Advanced block-chain architecture for e-health systems, in ‘Proceedings of the IEEE 19th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services (Healthcom)’. IEEE, pp. 1-6
  8. Hillestad, R., Bigelow, J., Bower, A., Girosi, F., Meili, R., Scoville, R. and Taylor, R. (2005), ‘Can 1000 Electronic medical record Systems Transform Health Care? Potential Health Benefits, Savings, And Costs, Health Affairs, 24(5), 1103-1117.
  9. Hu, J., Chen, H.H. and Hou, T.W., 2010. A hybrid public key infrastructure solution (HPKI) for HIPAA privacy/security regulations. Computer Standards & Interfaces, 32(5- 6), 274-280.
  10. Dolin, R., Alschuler, L., Boyer, S., Beebe, C., Behlen, F., Biron, P., and Shabo (Shvo), A. (2006), ‘HL7 Clinical Document Architecture’, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 13(1), 30-39.
  11. Brink, A., Messina, A., Feldman, C., Richards, G., Becker, P., Goff, D., Bauer, K., Nathwani, D. and van den Bergh, D. (2016), ‘Antimicrobial stewardship across 47 South African hospitals: an implementation study’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 16(9), 1017-1025.
  12. Cachin, C. (2016), Architecture of the Hyperledger Blockchain Fabric, in ‘Workshop on distributed cryptocurrencies and consensus ledgers’. IBM, pp.1–4.


Temporal blockchain, Personalised Micro Ledger, Electronic Health Records, SeFra