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Backbone Source and Positional Broadcast Routing for Emergency System in Urban VANETs

by Vansh Kaushal, Venuprea, Surjeet
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 179 - Number 50
Year of Publication: 2018
Authors: Vansh Kaushal, Venuprea, Surjeet
10.5120/ijca2018917292

Vansh Kaushal, Venuprea, Surjeet . Backbone Source and Positional Broadcast Routing for Emergency System in Urban VANETs. International Journal of Computer Applications. 179, 50 ( Jun 2018), 8-16. DOI=10.5120/ijca2018917292

@article{ 10.5120/ijca2018917292,
author = { Vansh Kaushal, Venuprea, Surjeet },
title = { Backbone Source and Positional Broadcast Routing for Emergency System in Urban VANETs },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { Jun 2018 },
volume = { 179 },
number = { 50 },
month = { Jun },
year = { 2018 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 8-16 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume179/number50/29514-2018917292/ },
doi = { 10.5120/ijca2018917292 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-07T00:58:49.708763+05:30
%A Vansh Kaushal
%A Venuprea
%A Surjeet
%T Backbone Source and Positional Broadcast Routing for Emergency System in Urban VANETs
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 179
%N 50
%P 8-16
%D 2018
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

Disseminating warning information by Vehicular Ad hoc Networks (VANETs) is of great significance to alleviate traffic problems in time critical applications in future Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). In the urban express environment, it is critically challenging to design efficient dissemination mechanisms with strict Quality of Service (QoS) requirements due to complex road structures, severe channel contention, message redundancy etc. In this paper, the Backbone Source and Positional Broadcast Routing (BSPBR) protocol has been proposed to lower message transmission delay and increase reliability. It employs dynamically generated backbone nodes as source nodes based on movement and link quality between vehicles based on a fuzzy logic. Novel forwarding node selection scheme is followed in all propagating directions using iterative partition, mini-slot and black-burst exchange. A single node is successfully chosen using the backbone ranking. Bi-directional broadcast, multi-directional broadcast and directional broadcast are designed on the basis of the position of senders to enable emergency messages to cover the target area seamlessly. Theoretical analysis and simulation results are used to show significant improvement in throughput with marginal effects on end-to-end delay and packet delivery fraction by the proposed protocol over other existing alternatives.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Backbone node data dissemination directional broadcast emergency message QoS VANETs