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Two-hop Relay-based Vehicular Network in WiMAX

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International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2012 by IJCA Journal
Volume 54 - Number 3
Year of Publication: 2012
Authors:
Nurul Nazirah M. I. M.
Norsheila F.
Nurulashikin S.
Anis Izzati A. Z.
Sharifah Kamilah S. Y.
Mazlan A.
10.5120/8543-2092

Nurul Nazirah M.i.m., Norsheila F., Nurulashikin S., Anis Izzati A.z., Sharifah Kamilah S.y. and Mazlan A.. Article: Two-hop Relay-based Vehicular Network in WiMAX. International Journal of Computer Applications 54(3):1-8, September 2012. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Nurul Nazirah M.i.m. and Norsheila F. and Nurulashikin S. and Anis Izzati A.z. and Sharifah Kamilah S.y. and Mazlan A.},
	title = {Article: Two-hop Relay-based Vehicular Network in WiMAX},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2012},
	volume = {54},
	number = {3},
	pages = {1-8},
	month = {September},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

In mobile communication, routing data through intermediate mobile node is a challenging task due to high mobility of nodes which causes rapid change in network topology and frequent disconnection between pair of nodes. To address these issues, Mobile Relay Station (MRS) is introduced into the network based on IEEE 802. 16j standard. The MRS features are similar to the Fixed Relay Station (FRS), however the MRS has capability to move as Mobile Station (MS). In intermittent connection, by adapting the features of Delay Tolerant Network (DTN), the MRS can store and carry the data until it find the destination to forward the data. Assuming that MS is aware of its' own movement as well as its closest neighbor nodes. In this paper, Dynamic Routing Algorithm (DyRA) has been proposed to select next hop node towards the destination. The forwarding decision is based on a computed metric which is a combination of Packet Reception Rate (PRR), Link Expiration Time (LET) information and Number of Slots (NoS) available at the candidate MRS nodes. Also, the proposed Relay-based Vehicular Network (RVN) in WiMAX using cross layer design (CLD) is designed to select the optimal next hop node and set new route when current routing path is no longer available. The preliminary results for system throughput performance and average end-to-end delay are analyzed. The results show that by deploying relay-based in vehicular network can enhance system throughput in terms of packet loss ratio (PLR), packet delivery ratio (PDR), and average end-to-end (ETE) delay. NCTUns simulation environment has been used to study the mobile node performance.

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