CFP last date
20 August 2024
Call for Paper
September Edition
IJCA solicits high quality original research papers for the upcoming September edition of the journal. The last date of research paper submission is 20 August 2024

Submit your paper
Know more
Reseach Article

A Two Hop Power Adaptive MAC Protocol for Densely Populated Wireless Networks

by S. L. Prathapa Reddy, M. V. Subramanyam, K. Satyaprasad
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 66 - Number 20
Year of Publication: 2013
Authors: S. L. Prathapa Reddy, M. V. Subramanyam, K. Satyaprasad

S. L. Prathapa Reddy, M. V. Subramanyam, K. Satyaprasad . A Two Hop Power Adaptive MAC Protocol for Densely Populated Wireless Networks. International Journal of Computer Applications. 66, 20 ( March 2013), 35-40. DOI=10.5120/11203-6449

@article{ 10.5120/11203-6449,
author = { S. L. Prathapa Reddy, M. V. Subramanyam, K. Satyaprasad },
title = { A Two Hop Power Adaptive MAC Protocol for Densely Populated Wireless Networks },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { March 2013 },
volume = { 66 },
number = { 20 },
month = { March },
year = { 2013 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 35-40 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/11203-6449 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T21:22:59.031004+05:30
%A S. L. Prathapa Reddy
%A M. V. Subramanyam
%A K. Satyaprasad
%T A Two Hop Power Adaptive MAC Protocol for Densely Populated Wireless Networks
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 66
%N 20
%P 35-40
%D 2013
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Studies of ad hoc wireless networks are rapidly gaining popularity due to its varied and innovative applications. Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols in such networks are responsible to coordinate access among active nodes. Wireless nodes are largely powered by batteries which restricts the quantity of energy available to the nodes. Routing for wireless nodes is incorporated with power saving mechanisms to conserve energy. The most common techniques for power saving is by allowing a node to be in sleep state when possible or by varying transmitting power to reduce energy consumption. The energy saving power control can possibly be used to increase spatial reuse of the wireless channel and at the same time reduce power consumption. In this paper, a MAC protocol is proposed which achieves better spatial reuse of spectrum due to power adjustments established on the number of neighbors in the two-hop neighborhood. Simulation results show improved performance compared to MAC-DCF.

  1. S. Chakrabarti, A. Mishra, QoS issues in ad hoc wireless networks, IEEE Commun. Mag. 39 (2) (2001) 142–148, February.
  2. E. M. Royer, C. K. Toh, A review of current routing protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks, IEEE Personal Commun. 6 (2) (1999) 46–55, April.
  3. Anastasi, G. , Conti, M. , Di Francesco, M. , & Passarella, A. (2009). Energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: A survey. Ad Hoc Networks, 7(3), 537-568.
  4. V. Raghunathan, S. Ganeriwal, M. Srivastava, Emerging techniques for long lived wireless sensor networks, IEEE Communications Magazine 44 (4) (2006) 108–114.
  5. A. Warrier, S. Park J. Mina, I. Rheea, How much energy saving does topology control offer for wireless sensor networks? – A practical study, Elsevier/ACM Computer Communications 30 (14-15) (2007) 2867–2879.
  6. Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Speci?cations, IEEE Std. 802. 11, Jan. 1999
  7. Xu, S. , & Saadawi, T. (2001). Does the IEEE 802. 11 MAC protocol work well in multihop ad hoc networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 39(6) 130–137.
  8. Garcia-Saavedra, A. , Serrano, P. , Banchs, A. , & Hollick, M. (2012). Balancing energy efficiency and throughput fairness in IEEE 802. 11 WLANs. Pervasive and Mobile Computing.
  9. Hiertz, G. R. , Zang, Y. , Max, S. , Junge, T. , Weiss, E. , & Wolz, B. (2008). IEEE 802. 11 s: WLAN mesh standardization and high performance extensions. Network, IEEE, 22(3), 12-19.
  10. Ali, I. , Gupta, R. , Bansal, S. , Misra, A. , Razdan, A. , & Shorey, R. (2002). Energy ef?ciency and throughput for TCP traf?c in multihop wireless networks. In Proceedings of Infocom, New York, NY
  11. Li, J. et al. (2002). Capacity of ad hoc wireless networks. In Proceedings of ACM Mobicom, Atlanta
  12. Yu-Chee Tseng, Chih-Shun Hsu, and Ten-Yueng Hsieh "Power-Saving Protocols for IEEE 802. 11-BasedMulti-Hop Ad Hoc Networks" INFOCOM 2002. Twenty-First Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings. IEEE.
  13. Shih-Lin Wu, Pao-Chu Tseng, and Zi-Tsan Chou "Distributed power management protocols for multi-hop mobile ad hoc networks" 2004 Elsevier Journal Computer Networks: The International Journal of Computer and Telecommunications Networking archive Volume 47 Issue 1, 14 January 2005.
  14. Rong Zheng, and Robin Kravets "On-demand Power Management for Ad Hoc Networks" INFOCOM 2003. Twenty-Second Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications. IEEE Societies.
  15. Kara, R. (2011). Power control in wireless ad hoc networks for energy efficient routing with end-to-end packet delay minimization. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 6(7), 1773-1779.
  16. Gomez, J. , Mendez, L. A. , Rangel, V. , & Campbell, A. T. (2011). PCQoS: power controlled QoS tuning for wireless ad hoc networks. Telecommunication Systems, 47(3), 303-321.
  17. Saravanan, K. , & Ravichandran, T. (2012). Power Adjustment Algorithm for Higher Throughput in Mobile Ad hoc Networks. IJCSNS, 12(4), 77.
  18. Tang, L. , Sun, Y. , Gurewitz, O. , & Johnson, D. B. (2011, April). PW-MAC: An energy-efficient predictive-wakeup MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. In INFOCOM, 2011 Proceedings IEEE (pp. 1305-1313). IEEE.
  19. Rhee, I. , Warrier, A. , Aia, M. , Min, J. , & Sichitiu, M. L. (2008). Z-MAC: a hybrid MAC for wireless sensor networks. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON), 16(3), 511-524.
  20. Shih, K. P. , Chou, C. M. , Lu, M. Y. , & Chen, S. M. (2005, June). A distributed spatial reuse (DSR) MAC protocol for IEEE 802. 11 ad-hoc wireless LANs. In Computers and Communications, 2005. ISCC 2005. Proceedings. 10th IEEE Symposium on (pp. 658-663).
  21. Chao, C. M. , & Lee, Y. W. (2010). A quorum-based energy-saving MAC protocol design for wireless sensor networks. Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on, 59(2), 813-822.
  22. J. Polastre, J. Hill, and D. Culler. Versatile Low Power Media Access for Wireless Sensor Networks. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys), pages 95{107, Baltimore, Nov. 2004.
  23. Liu, S. , Fan, K. W. , & Sinha, P. (2009). CMAC: an energy-efficient MAC layer protocol using convergent packet forwarding for wireless sensor networks. ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN), 5(4), 29.
  24. IEEE 802. 11 Working Group, Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specification, 1997.
  25. B. P. Crow, I. Widjaja, J. G. Kim, P. T. Sakai, IEEE 802. 11, wireless local area networks, IEEE Commun. Mag. (1997).
  26. Engelstad, P. E. , and Osterbo, O. N. , (2005), "Analysis of QoS in WLAN", Telektronikk, pp. 132-147.
  27. Choi, J. K. , Park, J. S. , Lee, J. H. , and Ryu, K. S. , (2006), "Review on QoS issues in IEEE 802. 11 W-LAN", ICACT, pp. 2109-2113.
  28. Ni, Q. , Romdhani, L. , and Turletti, T. , (2004), "A Survey of QoS Enhancements for IEEE 802. 11 Wireless LAN", Journal of Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, Wiley, Vol. 4, pp. 547-566.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Power Control Medium Access Control (MAC) Energy Saving