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Estimating a Function of Real Demand for Money in Pakistan: An Application of Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration

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International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2013 by IJCA Journal
Volume 79 - Number 5
Year of Publication: 2013
Authors:
Sober Mall
10.5120/13740-1548

Sober Mall. Article: Estimating a Function of Real Demand for Money in Pakistan: An Application of Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration. International Journal of Computer Applications 79(5):32-50, October 2013. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Sober Mall},
	title = {Article: Estimating a Function of Real Demand for Money in Pakistan: An Application of Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2013},
	volume = {79},
	number = {5},
	pages = {32-50},
	month = {October},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

This paper attempts to model a real demand for money function of Pakistan. For this purpose we apply bounds test based cointegration technique using the time series data for the period 1973 to 2010. Our findings included three determinants: 1) real income and 2) foreign exchange contain positive relation as well as for both long run and short run dynamics they are the most significant factors of real demand for money. While we found real demand for money is negatively affected by 3) call money rate (is proxied by interest on deposit). However being in a short-run dynamic specification, money demand is found important with the elasticities of real income, exchange rate and call money rate being much smaller in the short-run than in long-run. Stability tests of the paper do not show any serious structural change in the model. As for both CUSUMSQ and CUSUM statistics, showing the critical value line within the bounds that present the model is stable. This model strongly recommends the real demand for M2 is an important monetary aggregate in terms of policy implications of our results including the suitability of the model in Pakistan.

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