Call for Paper - January 2024 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2024 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2023. Read More

Energy Efficient Hierarchical Routing Protocol (EEHRP) for Wireless Sensor Network

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 90 - Number 9
Year of Publication: 2014
Rajendra S. Bisht
Manoj Chandra Lohani
Sandeep K. Budhani

Rajendra S Bisht, Manoj Chandra Lohani and Sandeep K Budhani. Article: Energy Efficient Hierarchical Routing Protocol (EEHRP) for Wireless Sensor Network. International Journal of Computer Applications 90(9):12-16, March 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Rajendra S. Bisht and Manoj Chandra Lohani and Sandeep K. Budhani},
	title = {Article: Energy Efficient Hierarchical Routing Protocol (EEHRP) for Wireless Sensor Network},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {90},
	number = {9},
	pages = {12-16},
	month = {March},
	note = {Full text available}


Wireless sensor network consisting of various tiny wireless sensor nodes that are equipped with transmission devices that require some amount of energy to transmit the data to other node(s). Most often the battery of sensor nodes cannot be charged or changed during transmission. To preserve the longetivity of the network it is very challenging task to build a sensor node that require very little amount of energy for data transmission. Lifetime of wireless sensor network is directly proportional to the energy source of wireless sensor node. It is proved that 70% of energy consumption is caused during data transmission process [1]. In order to maximize the network lifetime we need to optimize data transmission process. An energy efficient routing algorithm may result in better network lifetime. This is the reason why routing techniques in wireless sensor network focus mainly on the accomplishment of power conservation. Most of the recent researches have shown various algorithms mainly designed to minimize energy consumption in sensor networks. Each routing mechanism has its advantages and disadvantages over energy efficiency. There is no single, best routing protocol that is suitable for all applications. Routing mechanism might differ depending on the application, network architecture and topologies. Routing algorithms/techniques have been classified in a number of ways by various researchers. There is no general classification is available till today. Some researchers [2, 3, 4, and 5] have classified routing algorithms into three broad categories Data-centric Routing Protocols, Hierarchical Routing Protocols and Location-based Routing Protocols. In this Paper an energy efficient hierarchical routing algorithm is being proposed. Using simulation a basic idea is also given in this paper that shows how hierarchical routing mechanism is better than non hierarchical mechanism.


  • D. J. Pottie and W. J. Kaiser, "Wireless integrated network sensors", Communication of the ACM, Vol. 43, No 5, pp 51-58, May 2000.
  • Network Structure and Topology based Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Network- A survey Published in International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 74– No. 12, July 2013.
  • Subhadra Shaw (Bose) ,Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network , International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 12, December-2011.
  • Subhadra Shaw (Bose), Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 12, December-2011.
  • Shamsad Parvin and Muhammad Sajjadur Rahim, Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Comparative Study, International Conference on Electronics, Computer and Communication (ICECC 2008) University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
  • Heinzelman W, Chandrakasan A, Balakrishnan H. Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on System Science (HICSS'00), Hawaii, U. S. A. , January 2000.
  • I. F. Akyildiz et al. , Wireless sensor networks: a survey, Computer Networks 38 (4) (2002) 393–422.
  • J. N. Al-Karaki and A. E. Kamal, "Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey", IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 6-28, December, 2004.
  • W. Heinzelman, J. Kulik, H. Balakrishnan, Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks in Proceedings of the 5th Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom_99), Seattle, WA, August 1999.
  • R. Alasem, A. Reda, and M. Mansour, "Location Based Energy- Efficient Reliable Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks", Recent Researches in Communications, Automation, Signal processing, Nanotechnology, Astronomy and Nuclear Physics, WSEAS Press, Cambridge, UK, 2011, ISBN: 978-960-474-276-9.
  • V. Rodoplu, T. H. Ming, Minimum energy mobile wireless networks, IEEE Journal of Selected Areas in Communications 17 (8) (1999) 1333–1344.
  • L. Li, J. Y Halpern, Minimum energy mobile wireless networks revisited, in: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC_01), Helsinki, Finland, June 2001.