Call for Paper - January 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2022. Read More

A Review of Various Routing Protocols in VANET

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
Volume 96 - Number 18
Year of Publication: 2014
Shivani Rana
Swati Rana
Kamlesh C. Purohit

Shivani Rana, Swati Rana and Kamlesh C Purohit. Article: A Review of Various Routing Protocols in VANET. International Journal of Computer Applications 96(18):28-35, June 2014. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Shivani Rana and Swati Rana and Kamlesh C. Purohit},
	title = {Article: A Review of Various Routing Protocols in VANET},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2014},
	volume = {96},
	number = {18},
	pages = {28-35},
	month = {June},
	note = {Full text available}


Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) is a self-organized network that connects vehicle and RSUs. The RSUs can intern be connect to a background network so that many other network applications and services including internet access can be provide to the vehicle for obtaining different services by the user or driver. The considerable attention goes in this field due to the high demands of new innovations in the vehicular industry. The primary purpose of VANET is to improve public safety and save lives as well as to improve vehicular traffic flow. VANET has very dynamic topology large network size and constrained mobility, these characteristic led to the need for efficient routing and resource saving protocol. It is a new research area which tends lots of emphasis towards services provided through the network. In this paper, we give the review of various routing protocols by using some parameters: digital map, scenario, position verification, clustering, routing mechanism, forwarding strategy and control overhead.


  • Fan, L. and W. Yu, Routing in vehicular ad hoc networks: A survey. Vehicular Technology Magazine, IEEE, 2007. 2(2): pp. 12-22.
  • Kumar, R. and M. Dave, A Review of Various VANET Data Dissemination Protocols. International Journal of U-& E-Service, Science & Technology, 2012. 5(3).
  • Sharef, B. T. , et al. A comparison of various vehicular ad hoc routing protocols based on communication environments. in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication. 2013: ACM.
  • Sharma, N. and J. Thakur, Performance analysis of AODV &GPSR routing protocol in VANET.
  • Khatri, M. , An insight overview of issues and challenges in vehicular adhoc network. Journal of Global Research in Computer Science, 2011. 2(12): pp. 47-50.
  • Karimi, M. , Quality of Service (QoS) Provisioning in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs). Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks: Protocol Design, 2011.
  • Saharan, S. and R. Kumar, QoS provisioning in vanets using mobile agent. International Journal of Computer Science and Communication, 2010. 1(1): pp. 199-202.
  • Paul, B. and M. J. Islam, Survey over VANET Routing Protocols for Vehicle to Vehicle Communication. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSRJCE):p p. 2278-0661.
  • Allal, S. and S. Boudjit, Geocast Routing Protocols for VANETs: Survey and Geometry-Driven Scheme Proposal. Journal of Internet Services and Information Security (JISIS), 2013. 3(1/2):pp. 20-36.
  • Bhuvaneshwari. S1, et al. , A SURVEY ON VEHICULAR AD-HOC NETWORK. International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, 2013. Vol. 2, (Issue 10,).
  • Altayeb, M. and I. Mahgoub, A Survey of Vehicular Ad hoc Networks Routing Protocols. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 2013. 3(3): pp. 829-846.
  • Agarwal, U. and M. Saxena, Comparative and Behavioral Study of Various Routing Protocols in VANET. International Journal, 2013. 3(10).
  • Sujatha, S. and P. Soundeswari, Comparative and Behavioral Study on VANET Routing Protocols: ISSN.
  • Kakarla, J. , et al. , A Survey on Routing Protocols and its Issues in VANET. International Journal of Computer Applications, 2011. 28.
  • Wahid, A. , H. Yoo, and D. Kim. Unicast geographic routing protocols for inter-vehicle communications: a survey. in Proceedings of the 5th ACM workshop on Performance monitoring and measurement of heterogeneous wireless and wired networks. 2010: ACM.
  • Tee, C. and A. C. R. Lee. Survey of position based routing for inter vehicle communication system. in Distributed Framework and Applications, 2008. DFmA 2008. First International Conference on. 2008: IEEE.
  • Nithya Darisini, P. S. and N. S. Kumari. A survey of routing protocols for VANET in urban scenarios. in Pattern Recognition, Informatics and Medical Engineering (PRIME), 2013 International Conference on: IEEE.
  • Chennikara-Varghese, J. , et al. Survey of routing protocols for inter-vehicle communications. in Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Networking & Services, 2006 Third Annual International Conference on. 2006: IEEE.
  • Paul, B. , et al. , VANET Routing Protocols: Pros and Cons. International Journal of Computer Applications, 2011. 20.
  • Dhamal, P. , U. Nagaraj, and D. Devotale, Study of Various Routing Protocols in VANET. 2011.
  • Ghafoor, H. and K. Aziz. Position-based and geocast routing protocols in VANETs. in Emerging Technologies (ICET), 2011 7th International Conference on. 2011: IEEE.
  • Spaho, E. , et al. VANET Simulators: A Survey on Mobility and Routing Protocols. in Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA), 2011 International Conference on. 2011: IEEE.