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Reseach Article

Modified Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem

by Rohit Chaturvedi, Haider Banka
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 97 - Number 10
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Rohit Chaturvedi, Haider Banka

Rohit Chaturvedi, Haider Banka . Modified Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem. International Journal of Computer Applications. 97, 10 ( July 2014), 20-24. DOI=10.5120/17043-7353

@article{ 10.5120/17043-7353,
author = { Rohit Chaturvedi, Haider Banka },
title = { Modified Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { July 2014 },
volume = { 97 },
number = { 10 },
month = { July },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 20-24 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/17043-7353 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:23:45.299816+05:30
%A Rohit Chaturvedi
%A Haider Banka
%T Modified Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 97
%N 10
%P 20-24
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Limited amount of time and computational resources in industrial domain makes Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) a useful approach to find near optimal solutions in polynomial time for Nondeterministic Polynomial time (NP) problems. For dynamically changing graphs, such as in case of network routing and urban transportation systems which are based on Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP), the ant colony algorithm is superior to simulated annealing and genetic algorithm approaches as it can be run continuously and acclimatize to changes in real time. The objective of this paper is to find a competent method which improves ACO in terms of iteration count and ability to find better solutions for TSP so that it can be used in different areas like industrial and educational, for solving NP problems more efficiently. This paper proposes a modified ant colony optimization (MACO) algorithm which uses the peculiarity of Elitist Ant System (EAS) and Ant Colony System (ACS). Using EAS property, the convergence speed is optimized by additional pheromone deposition on the arcs of the best tour and pseudorandom proportional rule and local pheromone update of ACS tunes the degree of exploration and prevents the algorithm from stagnation. The experiments done on benchmark datasets from TSPLIB manifest clearly that MACO has an upper hand in terms of performance on conventional ACO, ACO-GA and ACO-PSO.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) Modified Ant Colony Optimization (MACO) Swarm Intelligence (SI).