CFP last date
20 June 2024
Reseach Article

Use of Cold Mixes for Rural Road Construction

Published on April 2012 by Rajan Choudhary, Abhijit Mondal, Harshad S. Kaulgud
International Conference on Emerging Frontiers in Technology for Rural Area (EFITRA-2012)
Foundation of Computer Science USA
EFITRA - Number 4
April 2012
Authors: Rajan Choudhary, Abhijit Mondal, Harshad S. Kaulgud
0e3c316f-a55f-44a2-887e-c6fc196747c2

Rajan Choudhary, Abhijit Mondal, Harshad S. Kaulgud . Use of Cold Mixes for Rural Road Construction. International Conference on Emerging Frontiers in Technology for Rural Area (EFITRA-2012). EFITRA, 4 (April 2012), 21-25.

@article{
author = { Rajan Choudhary, Abhijit Mondal, Harshad S. Kaulgud },
title = { Use of Cold Mixes for Rural Road Construction },
journal = { International Conference on Emerging Frontiers in Technology for Rural Area (EFITRA-2012) },
issue_date = { April 2012 },
volume = { EFITRA },
number = { 4 },
month = { April },
year = { 2012 },
issn = 0975-8887,
pages = { 21-25 },
numpages = 5,
url = { /proceedings/efitra/number4/5957-1029/ },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Proceeding Article
%1 International Conference on Emerging Frontiers in Technology for Rural Area (EFITRA-2012)
%A Rajan Choudhary
%A Abhijit Mondal
%A Harshad S. Kaulgud
%T Use of Cold Mixes for Rural Road Construction
%J International Conference on Emerging Frontiers in Technology for Rural Area (EFITRA-2012)
%@ 0975-8887
%V EFITRA
%N 4
%P 21-25
%D 2012
%I International Journal of Computer Applications
Abstract

Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) is used predominantly as a paving mix from many decades in road construction. In India almost 90 percent road network is occupied by bituminous pavements only. Certain limitations associated with HMA use are like emission of green house gases from hot mix plant, shut down of plants during rainy season, problems in maintaining the paving temperature when hauling distances are more, etc. Due to topographical constraints, rural roads projects in North Eastern States of India like Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and others are beyond time. Indian government is undergoing a massive rural road development plan and is highly concerned for the rural road development projects in North East states. Since many of the rural roads of North Eastern States are in hilly regions having heavy rainfall and many a times they have to meet very strict environmental regulations as many of these projects also lies in forest zone. It sometimes becomes very difficult to go with HMA only for rural road construction. Use of cold mixes should be evaluated in these states. Cold mix asphalt consists of unheated aggregate with emulsion or cutback as binder. Cold mix also offers advantages like; reduction in emissions, low fuel consumption, can be used in rainy seasons etc. This paper presents the mix design of cold mixes for use in different courses of pavements. The paper provides information on the different additives which are usually used to increase the performance of cold mix. It also gives the results of same earlier studies on cold mixes. It also highlights the scope of using cold mix in rural road construction in North Eastern states of India.

References
  1. Al-Abdulwahhab, Bayomy, H.F., and Al-Halhouli, A. "Evaluation of emulsified, asphalt-treated sand for lowvolume roads and road bases". Transportation research record: Journal of Transportation Research Board , volume 1, issue 1106, 1987, pp. 71-80.
  2. Brown, S. F., and Needham, D. "A Study of Cement Modified Bitumen Emulsion Mixtures" Annual Meeting of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, 2000.
  3. Chavez-Valencia, L.E., Alonso, E., Manzano, A., Perez, J., Contreras, M.E., and Signoret, C. "Improving the compressive strengths of cold-mix asphalt using asphalt emulsion modified by polyvinyl acetate". Construction and Building Materials 21, 2006, pp 583–589.
  4. Darter, M.I., Stevel, R. A., Patrick, L. W., and Richard G.W. "Development of emulsified asphalt-aggregate cold mix design procedure". Transportation Engg. Series no.22, Illinois Cooperative Highway Research Program Series No.174, 1978.
  5. Doyle, T. "Relating laboratory conditioning temperature to in-situ strength gain for cold mix pavement in Ireland". University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
  6. Oruc, S., Celik, F., and Akpinar, M.V. "Effect of Cement on Emulsified Asphalt Mixtures". Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Volume 16(5), 2007, pp 578-583.
  7. Pundhir, N.K.S., Grover, G., and Veeragavan, A. "Cold mix design of semi dense bituminous concrete". Indian Highways, March, 2010, pp 17-24.
  8. Pundhir, N.K.S. "Cold mix technology for road construction". Report by Central road research Institute.
  9. Serfass, Poirier, Henrat, and Carbonneau. "Influence of curing on cold mix mechanical performances". Materials and structures, volume-37, 2004, pp 365-368.
  10. Thanaya, I. N. A., (2002). "Performance of cold bituminous emulsion mixtures incorporating waste material". Media teknik no.4, November,ISSN 0216- 3012.
  11. Thanaya, I. N. A., Zoorob, S., E., and Forth., P. (2009). "A laboratory study on cold-mix, cold-lay emulsion mixtures". Institution of civil engineers Transport 162 February, p 47-55.
  12. Asphalt Institute Manual Series No.14 (MS-14). "Asphalt cold mix mannual". Third Edition, Lexington, KY 40512-4052 USA. Part IV, Appendix F, pp 106-122, 1997.
  13. Bureau of Indian Standards. Bitumen emulsion for roads (cationic type)-Specification (Second Revision). IS 8887:2004, March, 2004.
  14. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH 2001), "Specifications for Road and Bridge Works (Fourth Revision)", Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi, Section 500, Bituminous cold mix, Clause 519.1., pp 227-232.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Additives In Cold Mix Cold Mix Design Of Cold Mix And Emulsified Mix