Call for Paper - July 2019 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the July 2019 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 20, 2019. Read More

Low Profile, High Gain Microstrip Patch Antenna

IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Advances in Science and Technology
© 2015 by IJCA Journal
ICAST 2014 - Number 4
Year of Publication: 2015
Surya Sevak Singh
Sheetal Bhujade

Surya Sevak Singh and Sheetal Bhujade. Article: Low Profile, High Gain Microstrip Patch Antenna. IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Advances in Science and Technology ICAST 2014(4):5-8, February 2015. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Surya Sevak Singh and Sheetal Bhujade},
	title = {Article: Low Profile, High Gain Microstrip Patch Antenna},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Advances in Science and Technology},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {ICAST 2014},
	number = {4},
	pages = {5-8},
	month = {February},
	note = {Full text available}


Wireless technology is one of the main areas of research in the world of communication and a study of communication system is incomplete without understanding the operation of an antenna. Recent trends of wireless mobile communication technology are towards the miniaturization and demand for more robust and compact designs. This paper proposed a low cost, efficient, high gain and wideband Microstrip Antenna (MSA) using rectangular patch for wireless applications. In this paper an attempt is made to implement the line feed and probe feed MSA with a low cost, easily available FR4 substrate with permittivity 4. 4, substrate height of 1. 59mm and loss tangent of 0. 02. The proposed Antenna is also optimised by using air as a dielectric substrate. An attempt is also made to optimised MSA using double layer with airgap. Double layer consisted of double sided copper ensure using one side as ground plane and other side as feed network. The air gap reduces both the electric field concentration on the lossy epoxy and the effective dielectric constant of the radiating plane. The structure is optimised using Zeland IE3D version 14. 10. The optimised MSA with air as a dielectric substrate provides a maximum gain of about 9. 3 dB, RL<-10dB and efficiency >90% at resonance frequency at 2. 4 GHz.


  • S. -C. Gao, L. -W. Li, M. -S. Leong, and T. -S. Yeo, "Analysis of an Hshaped Patch Antenna by Using the FDTD Method," Prog. In Electromagnetics Research, National University of Singapore, pp. 165–187
  • A. Aslam and F. A. Bhatti, "Improved design of linear microstrip patch antenna array," in 9th Int. Symp. on Antennas Propagation and EM Theory, pp. 302-306, Nov. 29 -Dec. 2, 2010
  • Chi-LunMak, Hang Wong, Kwai-Man Luk, "High-gain and wide-band single-layer patch antenna for wireless communications," IEEETransactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 33- 40, Jan. 2005
  • A. A. Qureshi, M. U. Afzal, T. Taqueer, and M. A. Tarar, "Performance Analysis of FR-4 Substrate for High Frequency Microstrip Antennas" Proceedings of the China-Japan Joint Microwave Conference (CJMW), pp. 1-4, Apr. 2011.
  • N. AbWahab, Z. Bin Maslan, W. N. W. Muhamad, N. Hamzah,"Microstrip Rectangular 4x1Patch Patch Array Antenna at 2. 5GHz for WiMax Application," in Proc. Second Int. Conf. on ComputationalIntelligence, Communication Systems and Networks, pp. 164-168, July 28-30, 2010
  • A. Chaturvedi, Y. BhomiSa, D. Yadav, "Truncated tip triangular microstrip patch antenna," in Proc. 9th International Symposium on Antennas Propagation and EM Theory (ISAPE), pp. 212-214, Nov. 29 - Dec. 2, 2010.
  • Kadi rOzenc and M. EmireAydemir" Design of a 1. 26 GHZ High Gain Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Double Layer with Airgap for Satellite Reconnaissance"978-1-4673,2013 IEEE
  • Bimal Garg, Arpita Sabharwal , GunjalShukla "Microstrip patch antenna incorporated with left handed Metamaterial at 2. 4 GHz" intenational conference on Communication system and Network Technology,pp978-0-7695,2011 IEEE
  • M. Wozniak, A. Durka, M. Bugaj, R. Przesmycki, L. Nowosielski, and M. Wnuk, "Designing and optimization of microstrip rectangular patch antenna to work on human body," in Proc. Int. Conf. on Microwave Radar and Wireless Com. , vol. 2, pp. 752-756, May 21-23, 2012.
  • S. Shabu, M. James, "Comparison of single patch and patch antenna array for a microwave life detection system," International,,. pp. 171- 174, Feb. 10-12.