Call for Paper - August 2019 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the August 2019 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is July 20, 2019. Read More

Access Density and Standard Deviation of Speed as Contributing Factors for Accident of High Speed Cars

IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Quality Up-gradation in Engineering, Science and Technology
© 2014 by IJCA Journal
ICQUEST - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2014
A. K. Sharma
V. S. Landge
T. K. Rao


The very high cost of highway accidents paid by societies around the world makes the highway safety improvement an important objective of transportation engineering. The high speed cars are gaining popularity as one of the important means of transportation among the middle and higher income group of the society in India. At the same time the road accident statistics with regard to these high speed vehicles are also alarming. The present research aims at correlation of accident of high speed cars with road geometry and traffic variables. Data collected from National Highway No. 6 of India, between Amravati and Nagpur were used for modeling accident. Generalized linear model was used to quantify the effect of various variables in the model. The variables used were lane width (LW), shoulder width deficiency (SWDEF), access density (AD), standard deviation of speed (STDSP) and percentage of heavy vehicles in the traffic (HVPER). Access density, shoulder width deficiency and standard deviation of speed were found to have significant influence on accident frequency of high speed cars.


  • A. K. Sharma, V. S. Landge"Zero Inflated Negative Binomial for Modeling Heavy Vehicle Crash Rate On Indian Rural Highway" International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Jan. 2013, pp 292-301
  • Garber, N. & Joshua, S. , "Traffic and geometric characteristics affecting the involvement of large trucks in accidents. " VDOT Project No. : 9242-062-940, Virginia Transportation Research Council, University Station, Charlottesville, Virginia 1990.
  • Greibe, P. , "Accident prediction model for urban roads", Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 35, issue 2, 2003, pp 273-285.
  • Landge,V. S. ,Jain S. S. & Parida, . (2006),"Modeling traffic accidents on two lane rural highways under mixed traffic conditions", 87th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board,(CD- Rom).
  • Miaou, S. , Lum, H. , 1993. "Statistical evaluation of the effects of highway geometric design on truck accident involvements", Transportation Research Record 1407, 11-23.
  • Okamoto (1989), "A Method to cope up with random errors of observed accident rates" Safety literature, Vol. 4, page 317-332.
  • Parida ,M, Jain S. S. , NaveenKumar , C. , "Road traffic crash prediction on National Highways", Indian Highways volume 40 No 6 June 12 pp 93-103.
  • Road Accident in India(2011)
  • SharmaA. K. , Landge . S. (2012),"Pedestrian Accident Prediction Model For Rural Road", International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology Volume 2, No 8 .
  • Vashi B. D. & Damodariya S. M. " A model study of road accidents: A case Study of road accidents of Vadodara city in Gujarat state using simulation and ANN technique" , Journal of the IRC, 64(3), Dec. 2003.
  • Zegeer, C V. , Deen, R. C. & Mayes, J. G. "Effect of lane and shoulder widths on accident reduction on rural two-lane roads". TRR 806 1981. pp 33-43