Call for Paper - July 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the July 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 20, 2023. Read More

An Optimized WRED to Improve Quality of Service in Cloud-MANET

IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Recent Developments in Science, Technology, Humanities and Management
© 2018 by IJCA Journal
ICRDSTHM 2017 - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2018
Shweta Singh
Surbhi Kurra
Arun Kumar Tripathi


Weighted Random Early detection (WRED) is a mechanism that is responsible to avoid congestion in a network, by sensing the movement of nodes, on the basis of analyzed value for multiple queues of data packets. Numbers of devices always try to transmit data packets for certain time span, there would be an issue of consumed bandwidth, delay, media access delay, load in a network; and these factors can conclude to an increased queuing delay, decreased throughput, long queues, increased number of retransmissions for particular device in a network. So an optimized WRED is one of the improved mechanisms that can contribute to an increased performance of devices in a network for any communication established. To attain a comparative analysis of performance OPNET IT GURU EDUCATIONAL VERSION 14. 5 Modeler is used.


  • Alan Sill, 2016. Standards Underlying Cloud Networking, IEEE Cloud Computing, Volume 3, Issue 3, ISSN NO: 2325-6095, pp. 76-80.
  • Arun Kumar Tripathi, Shweta Singh, 2016. A Comparative Analysis on Internet Protocols in Cloud-Mobile Environment, International Conference on Sustainable Computing Techniques in Engineering, Science and Management (SCESM 2016), International Journal of Control Theory and Applications (IJCTA), Scopus Indexed, Volume 9, Issue 17, pp. 9161-9169.
  • Nahbendra Bisnik, Aihussein A. Abouzeid, 2006. Queuing Delay and Achievable Throughput in Random Access Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, 2006 3rd Annual IEEE Communications Society on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, Volume 3, ISSN No. : 2155-5486, pp. 874-880.
  • Shweta Singh, Arun Kumar Tripathi, 2016. Analyzing for Performance Factors In Cloud Computing, International Conference on Sustainable Computing Techniques in Engineering, Science and Management (SCESM 2016), International Journal of Control Theory and Applications (IJCTA), Scopus Indexed, Volume 9, Issue 21, pp. 87-96.
  • Shweta Singh, Arun Kumar Tripathi, 2015. Analysis of Delay and Load Factors in Wired and Wireless Environment, Second International Conference on Recent Trends in Science, Technology, Management & Social Development (RTSTMSD-15), IJSTM, ISSN NO: 2250-0596, pp. 1-8.
  • R. K. Nadesh, D. Sumathy, M. B. Benjula, Anbu Malar, 2011. Performance Analysis Of MANET (WLAN) Using Different Routing Protocols In Multi Service Environments-An Quantitative Study, International Journal of Advanced Networking and Applications Volume 3, Issue 2, pp. 1076-1079.
  • https://en. wikipedia. org/w/index. php?title=Routing_Information_Protocol&oldid=718424189.
  • Arun Kumar Tripathi, Shweta Singh, 2016. Ensuring Reliability in Cloud Computing and Comparison on IPv6 encouraged with protocols, International Conference on Science, Technology, Humanities and Business Management (ICSTHBM-16), Proceedings in TMH with ISBN, Volume 1, ISBN-13: 978-93-5260-275-9, pp. 9-14.
  • Floyd, Sally and Van Jacobson, 1993. Random early detection gateways for congestion avoidance, IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (ToN), pp. 397-413.
  • Ralph HJM Otten and Lukas PPP van Ginneken, 2012. The annealing algorithm, Springer Science & Business Media, Volume 72.
  • Shweta Singh, Anil Kumarr Ahlawat, Arun Kumar Tripathi, 2016. Mechanizing Wireless LAN (WLAN) using Compression Techniques, International Journal of Engineering, Applied Science and Technology (IJEAST), ISSN No: 2455-2143, pp. 110-116
  • Slavisa Aleksic, Kemal Bengi, Vjeko Krajinovic, 2002. OPC-TDM network performance improvement by the use of full-scalable optical packet compression/ decompression unit, IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing, Volume 76, pp. 263-273.
  • J. R. Davis, A. K. Reilly, 1981. T-Carrier Characterization Program – Overview, Bell System Technical Journal, Volume 60, Issue 6, Part 1.
  • Arif Sari, 2015. Lightweight Robust Forwarding Scheme for Multi-Hop Wireless Networks, IJCNS, Volume 8, Issue 3, 2015.
  • Shweta Singh, Priyanka Mudgal, Priyadarshini Chaudhary, Arun Kumar Tripathi, 2015. Comparative analysis of Packet Loss in Extended LAN environment, in an International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), ISSN No: 0975 – 8887, pp. 12-16.
  • Carlos Oliveira, Jaime Bae Kim, Tatsuya Suda, 1998. An adaptive bandwidth reservation scheme for high-speed multimedia wireless networks, IEEE JSAC, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp. 858–874.
  • Krech Jr, Alan S. , Noel D. Scott. , 1997. Asynchronous FIFO queuing system operating with minimal queue status, U. S. Patent No. 5,664,114.
  • Liu, Hongtao, Lianglun Cheng, 2010. Priority-Based Service Differentiation Scheme for Medium and High Rate Sensor Networks, Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN'10, Second International Conference on. IEEE.
  • Bennett, Jon CR, Hui Zhang, 1996. WF/sup 2/Q: worst-case fair weighted fair queueing, INFOCOM'96, Fifteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer Societies. Networking the Next Generation. Proceedings IEEE. Volume 1, IEEE, 1996.
  • Shiang, Hsien-Po, Mihaela Van Der Schaar, 2007. Multi-user video streaming over multi-hop wireless networks: a distributed, cross-layer approach based on priority queuing, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.
  • Li, Tong, Dan Baumberger, Scott Hahn. , 2009. Efficient and scalable multiprocessor fair scheduling using distributed weighted round-robin, ACM Sigplan Notices. Volume 44, Issue 4.
  • Shreedhar, Madhavapeddi, George Varghese, 1996. Efficient fair queuing using deficit round-robin, IEEE/ACM Transactions on networking, pp. 375-385.
  • Kwon, Taeck-Geun, Sook-Hyang Lee, June-Kyung Rho, 1998. Scheduling algorithm for real-time burst traffic using dynamic weighted round robin, Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS'98.
  • M. W. Youssef, Hazem El-Gendy, 2012. Securing Authentication of TCP/IP Layer Two By Modifying Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol, Advanced Computing: An International Journal (ACIJ), Volume 3, Issue 2, ISSN No. : 2012-3202.
  • Onubogu O. J. , 2011. Simulation Study of the Performance of IEEE 802. 11b WLAN Using OPNET Simulator, The IUP Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 7, pp. 19-31.
  • Lawrence Ayres, 2004. Ingress data queue management in a packet data router, U. S. Patent No. 6,738,371.
  • Mark Wurtzler, 2002. Analysis and simulation of weighted random early detection (WRED) queues. Diss. University of Kansas.
  • Bouras, Christos, Afrodite Sevasti, 2005. Performance enhancement of an AF service using TCP-aware Marking and Dynamic WRED, Computers and Communications, Proceedings of 10th IEEE Symposium ISCC 2005.
  • Chi, Fangyuan, 2015. Ad-hoc cloudlet based cooperative cloud gaming, IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.
  • Fred S. Cook, Douglas R. Green, 2011. Computer network multicasting traffic monitoring and compensation, U. S. Patent No. 8,060,598.
  • Shweta Singh, Naresh Chandra, Arun Kumar Tripathi, 2015. Performance analysis for Channel Utilization in Wireless LAN, International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), ISSN No: 0975 – 8887, pp. 40-44.