Call for Paper - January 2021 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2021 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 21, 2020. Read More

Analysis of Implementation Factors of 3D Printer: The Key Enabling Technology for making Prototypes of the Engineering Design and Manufacturing

IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Microelectronics, Circuits and System
© 2017 by IJCA Journal
MICRO 2016 - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2017
Debasish Das
Indrajit Pandey
Arpita Chakraborty
Jyoti Sekhar Banerjee

Debasish Das, Indrajit Pandey, Arpita Chakraborty and Jyoti Sekhar Banerjee. Article: Analysis of Implementation Factors of 3D Printer: The Key Enabling Technology for making Prototypes of the Engineering Design and Manufacturing. IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Microelectronics, Circuits and System MICRO 2016(1):8-14, September 2017. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Debasish Das and Indrajit Pandey and Arpita Chakraborty and Jyoti Sekhar Banerjee},
	title = {Article: Analysis of Implementation Factors of 3D Printer: The Key Enabling Technology for making Prototypes of the Engineering Design and Manufacturing},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on International Conference on Microelectronics, Circuits and System},
	year = {2017},
	volume = {MICRO 2016},
	number = {1},
	pages = {8-14},
	month = {September},
	note = {Full text available}


3D printer technology employs the Additive Manufacturing (AM) process which is very popular method of layered manufacturing. 3D printer has huge application to manufacture small amount of fresh, customized & durable prototypes in a short time thus the concept of 3D printing technique is also referred to as rapid prototyping (RP) technique. 3D printer is one of the most promising fabrication tools to meet the criteria of increased flexibility and empower low cost small scale production. 3D printing supports solid freeform fabrication (SFF) process as it has also the ability to create parts with locally controlled composition. In this paper we discuss the in-depth study of implementation issues of 3D printer, cost benefit of low to medium production (additive manufacturing) with mass production. We also provides the required mathematical theorem and statements which supports the fact that 3D printer can replicate any physical object. Finally, we analyze the root cause implementation factors & the possible modified way to produce the next generation 3D printer.


  • Ajoku, U. , Hopkinson, N. and Caine, M. 2006. "Experimental measurement and finite element modelling of the compressive properties of laser sintered nylon-12", Materials Science & Engineering A, Vol. 428, pp. 211-6.
  • Atzeni, E. and Salmi, A. , 2012. "Economics of additive manufacturing for end-usable metal parts". The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 62(9-12), pp. 1147-1155.
  • ASTM Standard, Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies, vol. 10. 04.
  • Bak, D. 2003. "Rapid prototyping or rapid production? 3D printing processes move industry towards the latter", Assembly Automation, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 340-5.
  • Bhandarkar, M. P. and Nagi, R. 2000, "STEP-based feature extraction from STEP geometry for agile manufacturing", Computers in Industry, Vol. 41, pp. 3-24.
  • Brown, S. and Bessant, J. 2003. "The manufacturing strategy-capabilities links in mass customisation and agile manufacturing – and exploratory study", International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 23 No. 7, pp. 707-30.
  • Buswell, R. A. , Soar, R. C. , Gibb, A. G. F. and Thorpe, A. 2007. "Freeform construction: mega-scale rapid manufacturing for construction", Automation in Construction, Vol. 16, pp. 224-31.
  • Buswell, R. A. , Thorpe, A. , Soar, R. C. and Gibb, A. G. F. 2008. "Design, data and process issues for mega-scale rapid manufacturing machines used for construction", Automation in Construction, Vol. 17, pp. 923-9.
  • Chua, C. K. , and Leong, K. F. 2003. Rapid prototyping: principles and applications (Vol. 1). World Scientific.
  • Campbell, R. I. and de Beer, D. F. 2005. "Rapid prototyping in South Africa: past, present and future",Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 260-5.
  • Chang, J. W. , Luh, Y. P. and Chiou, S. S. 1997. "Integrated application in CAD/CAM, scheduling and control", Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 8 No. 6, pp. 378-87.
  • Chen, C. -S. and Wu, J. 1994. "CAD/CAM systems integration: an integrated surface and volume feature modelling scheme", Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 5 Nos 4/5, pp. 22-9.
  • Dimitrov, D. , Schreve, K. and de Beer, N. 2006. "Advances in three dimensional printing – state of the art and future perspectives", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 136-47.
  • Dimitrov, D. , Schreve, K. , Taylor, A. and Vincent, B. 2007. "Rapid prototyping driven design and realisation of large components", Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 85-91.
  • Das, D. , Pandey, I. , and Banerjee J. S. 2016. An in-depth Study of Implementation Issues of 3D Printer. In Proceedings of the MICRO 2016 Conference on Microelectronics, Circuits and Systems, pp. 45-49.
  • Foulger, S. H. 1999. " Electrical properties of composites in the vicinity of the percolation threshold", Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 1999 Jun 20;72(12):1573-82.
  • Gibson, I. , Rosen, D. and Stucker, B. , 2010. Additive Manufacturing Technologies: rapid prototype into direct digital manufacturing. Ch. 9.
  • http://wohlersassociates. com/growth2010. htm, accessed July 2011.
  • Kulkarni, P. , Marsan, A. and Dutta, D. , 2000. "A review of process planning techniques in layered manufacturing". Rapid Prototyping Journal, 6(1), pp. 18-35.
  • Leigh, S. J, Bradley, R. J, Purssell, C. P, Billson, D. R, Hutchins, D. A . 2012. "A Simple, Low-Cost Conductive Composite Material for 3D Printing of Electronic Sensors", PLoS ONE 7(11): e49365. doi: 10. 1371/journal. pone. 0049365 .
  • Murr, L. E, Gaytan, S. M, Medina, F, Lopez, H, Martinez, E, et al. 2010. "Next-generation biomedical implants using additive manufacturing of complex, cellular and functional mesh arrays", Phil Trans R Soc A 368: 1999–2032. doi: 10. 1098/rsta. 2010. 0010.
  • Mellor, S. , Hao, L. and Zhang, D. , 2014. "Additive manufacturing: A framework for implementation". International Journal of Production Economics, 149, pp. 194-201.
  • Rompas, A. , Tsirmpas, C. , Papatheodorou, I. , Koutsouri, G. and Koutsouris, D. , 2013. "3D Printing: Basic Concepts Mathematics and Technologies". International Journal of Systems Biology and Biomedical Technologies (IJSBBT), 2(2), pp. 58-71.
  • Sumita, M, Sakata, K, Asai, S, Miyasaka, K, Nakagawa, H. 1991. "Dispersion of fillers and the electrical conductivity of polymer blends filled with carbon black", Polym Bull 25: 265–271. doi: 10. 1007/bf00310802
  • Zein, I, Hutmacher, D. W, Tan, K. C, Teoh, S. H. 2002. "Fused deposition modeling of novel scaffold architectures for tissue engineering applications", Biomaterials 23: 1169–1185. doi: 10. 1016/s0142-9612(01)00232-0.