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Association of Nutritional Factors with Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome

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IJCA Proceedings on National Seminar on Application of Artificial Intelligence in Life Sciences 2013
© 2013 by IJCA Journal
NSAAILS - Number 1
Year of Publication: 2013
Authors:
Harshita Gupta
Surya Kant
Amita Jain
Savita Ahluwalia
S. M. Natu

Harshita Gupta, Surya Kant, Amita Jain, Savita Ahluwalia and S M Natu. Article: Association of Nutritional Factors with Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome. IJCA Proceedings on National Seminar on Application of Artificial Intelligence in Life Sciences 2013 NSAAILS(1):6-13, February 2013. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Harshita Gupta and Surya Kant and Amita Jain and Savita Ahluwalia and S. M. Natu},
	title = {Article: Association of Nutritional Factors with Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on National Seminar on Application of Artificial Intelligence in Life Sciences 2013},
	year = {2013},
	volume = {NSAAILS},
	number = {1},
	pages = {6-13},
	month = {February},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Macro and micro-nutrient deficiencies and diminished nutritional status are common features of pulmonary tuberculosis. To determine the association of nutritional factors with pulmonary tuberculosis treatment outcome in newly diagnosed patients. A hospital based prospective follow-up cohort study design. Two urban Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) centers in Lucknow District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Newly diagnosed sputum smear-positive cases for Acid-fast Bacilli (AFB) before and after treatment were included in the study. Outcomes were evaluated by clinical, radiological and mycobacterial culture and drug-susceptibility testing in sputum smear positive patients. The parameters used to assess the nutritional status were body mass index (BMI) and mid upper arm circumference (MUAC). Nutrients intake was assessed by 24- hour dietary recall method. A total of 185 newly diagnosed patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were recruited. Out of these, 14 patients were lost to follow up after treatment and remaining 171 patients were analyzed. The mean (±SD) age of the study population was 29 (±12) years. Significant (p<0. 0001) increase was observed in nutrients intake with the clinical, radiological and bacteriological outcomes at six month treatment. Protein (p=0. 04) and retinol (p=0. 01) intake were significantly associated with the conversion of clinical outcomes, i. e. symptomatic to asymptomatic. Intake of energy (p=0. 04), protein (p=0. 04) and fat (p=0. 008) were significantly associated with complete radiological clearance. In case of drug-related outcomes, energy (p=0. 01) and protein (p=0. 02) intakes were associated significantly with drug resistance. Among all the nutrients, protein intake was closely associated with clinical, radiological and bacteriological outcomes. Protein intake was related with different clinical, radiological and bacteriological outcomes. Increased intake of protein was probably associated with rapid clinical recovery and weight gain, complete radiological clearing and early bacteriological conversion.

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