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Evolution of GPUs, moving towards GPGPUs: A Survey

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IJCA Proceedings on Technical Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Computer Science
© 2016 by IJCA Journal
TSETCS 2016 - Number 2
Year of Publication: 2016
Authors:
Shivam Bharadwaj
Tejas Upmanyu
Sandeep Saxena

Shivam Bharadwaj, Tejas Upmanyu and Sandeep Saxena. Article: Evolution of GPUs, moving towards GPGPUs: A Survey. IJCA Proceedings on Technical Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Computer Science TSETCS 2016(2):20-27, June 2016. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Shivam Bharadwaj and Tejas Upmanyu and Sandeep Saxena},
	title = {Article: Evolution of GPUs, moving towards GPGPUs: A Survey},
	journal = {IJCA Proceedings on Technical Symposium on Emerging Technologies in Computer Science},
	year = {2016},
	volume = {TSETCS 2016},
	number = {2},
	pages = {20-27},
	month = {June},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) broke out by the end of 1990s, devoted to the goal of providing ubiquitous interactive 3D graphics which, a few years back then, was a far-fetched dream. By the end of decade, the technology grew exponentially, with nearly every computer containing a GPU, providing a high performance, visually rich, brilliant 3D computer graphics. This unprecedented growth was a cumulative outcome of rising demand for high-quality games, manufacturing processes advancements, and employment of inherent parallelism for computation. Today, the raw computational power of a GPU dwarfs that of the most powerful CPU, and the gap is continuously widening. World's most powerful supercomputers (e. g. , Tianhe-2(China) and Titan(USA)) use GPUs at their core [1]. This paper provides a review of GPU technology, overview of general purpose application of GPUs, architectural highlights, Enhancement of GPGPUs. In the end, we take a look at future research directions and challenges to parallel computing chips.

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