Call for Paper - July 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the July 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is June 20, 2022. Read More

Applications of Microwaves in Remote Sensing

Print
PDF
IP Multimedia Communications
© 2011 by IJCA Journal
ISBN : 978-93-80864-99-3
Year of Publication: 2011
Authors:
OPN Calla

OPN Calla. Applications of Microwaves in Remote Sensing. Special issues on IP Multimedia Communications (1):1-8, October 2011. Full text available. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {OPN Calla},
	title = {Applications of Microwaves in Remote Sensing},
	journal = {Special issues on IP Multimedia Communications},
	month = {October},
	year = {2011},
	number = {1},
	pages = {1-8},
	note = {Full text available}
}

Abstract

The electromagnetic spectrum extends from Hertz to terahertz. In this large range of EM spectrum there are window defining the smaller ranges and one of the important windows which covers frequency range from 3GHz to 30GHz is known as Microwaves. These Microwaves have various applications in communication Industrial, Medical and Remote Sensing. The Microwaves have unique Properties that include day and night capability all weather capability, Soil Moisture determination and penetration through vegetation and Soil. Because of these unique properties Microwave Remote Sensing gives information about targets which otherwise will not be available by optical and infrared remote Sensing. The Sensors used for Microwave Remote Sensing are Broadly Classified in two types they are (i)Passive Sensors and (ii) Active Sensors. These Sensors could be Non imaging and Imaging type. The Microwave radiometers are passive Sensors whereas Real Aperture and Synthetic Aperture Radars are imaging type Active Sensors and Altimeter, Scatterometer are non imaging type Active Sensors. These sensors at different frequencies can be used for various applications. Major areas of application are for Land, Ocean, and Atmospheric. In land the Microwave Sensors can be used for study of Crops, Forest cover, SNOW and ice, Soil Moisture and Soil types. For ocean application the active as well as passive sensor can be used for determination of salinity Sea Surface Temperature, Microwave Temperature Significant Wave Heights, and the detection of TSUNAMI and in Atmospheric applications the study of minor constituents could be studied. The Microwave remote Sensing can be used for Planetary Exploration, the planets like MARS and VENUS and Satellites like MOON and Titan have been explored using Microwaves and in future Microwaves will provide unique opportunity to detect presence of frozen water on MOON and presence of buried channels under sand dunes on MARS. Thus one can say that in present as well as in FUTURE Microwave part of EM spectrum will play major role in remote Sensing of Earth, Natural Satellite and Planets. In this paper details of Microwave application in Remote Sensing will be presented.

Reference

  1. F.T,Ulaby, R.K.Moore, A.K.Fung “Microwave Remote Sensing” Vol.I, II, III, 1981, 1982, 1986, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  2. O.P.N.Calla “Applications of Microwave in Remote Sensing”, Indian Journal of Radio and Space Physics (IJRSP) Vol. 19,Oct. & Dec.1990 ,pp.343-358.
  3. O.P.N.Calla, S.Agarwal, S.K.Agarwalla, R.Bhattacharjee and A Kalita “Comparative Study of the methods of measurement of dielectric constant at microwave frequencies for dry and wet soil”, IJRSP,Vol.32,April 2003,pp. 108-113.
  4. O.P.N.Calla “Microwave Sensors (Present and Future)”,Proc. of Indian Academy of Sciences(Engg. Sciences),Vol.6,Pt. 2 June 1983,pp. 109-119.
  5. O.P.N.Calla,G.Raju,S.S.Rana,S.Balasubramaniam, “India’s First Remotely Sensed Satellite Data from ‘Bhaskara’ using ‘SAMIR’ ”, JIETE ,Vol. 25, No.8, 1979, pp. 321-324.
  6. O.P.N.Calla,G.Raju,S.S.Rana,S.Balasubramaniam, “Multispectral Microwave Observations of earth by SAMIR On-board ‘Bhaskara-II”,JIETE Vol.28,No.5,1982,pp.212-215.
  7. “eesa” Earth Observation Applications,19th Feb 2004
  8. Indian Space Research Organisation, available at www.isro.org
  9. Jet propulsion laboratory, available at www.jpl.nasa.gov
  10. National Remote Sensing Centre, available at www.nrsc.gov.in