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Isolation of Brain Tumor Segment using HMGMM

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2010 by IJCA Journal
Number 9 - Article 2
Year of Publication: 2010
T.Selva Rani
K.Usha Kingsly Devi

T.Selva Rani and K.Usha Kingsly Devi. Article:Isolation of Brain Tumor Segment using HMGMM. International Journal of Computer Applications 10(9):4–8, November 2010. Published By Foundation of Computer Science. BibTeX

	author = {T.Selva Rani and K.Usha Kingsly Devi},
	title = {Article:Isolation of Brain Tumor Segment using HMGMM},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2010},
	volume = {10},
	number = {9},
	pages = {4--8},
	month = {November},
	note = {Published By Foundation of Computer Science}


Segmentation of images holds an important position in the area of image processing. It becomes more important while typically dealing with medical images, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging offers more accurate information for medical examination than other medical images such as X-ray, ultrasonic and CT images. Tumor segmentation from MRI data is an important but time consuming task performed manually by medical experts when compared with modern day’s high speed computing machines which enable us to visually observe the volume and location of unwanted tissues.One of the reasons behind the inferior segmentation efficiency is the presence of artifacts in the MR images. One such artifact is the extracranial tissues (skull). These extracranial tissues often interfere with the normal tissues during segmentation that accounts for the inferior segmentation efficiency. This paper deals with an efficient segmentation algorithm for extracting brain tumors in magnetic resonance images using hidden Markov Gauss Mixture Model (HMGMM) with Genetic algorithm (GA). HMGMMs incorporate supervised learning, fitting the observation probability distribution given by each class using Gaussian mixture model. The GA and Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithms are used to obtain an HMM model with optimized number of states in the HMM models and its model parameters brain tumor extraction.


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