CFP last date
20 August 2024
Reseach Article

Review of Hydropower Plant Models

by Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 108 - Number 18
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin

Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin . Review of Hydropower Plant Models. International Journal of Computer Applications. 108, 18 ( December 2014), 33-38. DOI=10.5120/19014-0541

@article{ 10.5120/19014-0541,
author = { Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin },
title = { Review of Hydropower Plant Models },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { December 2014 },
volume = { 108 },
number = { 18 },
month = { December },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 33-38 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/19014-0541 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:43:20.834922+05:30
%A Amevi Acakpovi
%A Essel Ben Hagan
%A Francois Xavier Fifatin
%T Review of Hydropower Plant Models
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 108
%N 18
%P 33-38
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

This paper consists of an extensive review on the modeling of hydropower plant. First a background was provided on all components needed to develop a full and comprehensive model on hydropower plant including penstock, governor, turbine and generator. The review of existing models was started with simple analytical models that were followed by system modelling. The complexity of modeling the dynamic aspect of water flowing through the penstock as well as the opening and closing of wicket gate have led to the development of complex control systems to model hydropower plant. Those complex models were rather represented as systems instead of been analytical. They are mostly equipped with numerous feedback as well as modern control systems such as fuzzy logic and PID control logic that improves their performances. However, these models are most often constructed and simulated with software of which Matlab is a fundamental one. In line with this, the paper investigated a simulation of hydropower plant including a model of hydraulic turbine, governor and synchronous machine, all simulated under Matlab software. A three phase to ground fault was introduced in the model at t=0. 2s and remove after t=0. 4s and this shows that the generated voltage quickly regained its stability due to the high excitation voltage that was maintained by the PID control system incorporated in the hydraulic turbine model. The speed of the motor also regained stability but this case was slower than the voltage one. In all, simulation results showed a perfect generation of energy from hydropower plant that was robust enough to resist faults.

  1. Karady, G. G. and Holbert, K. E. 2013. Electric Generating Stations, in Electrical Energy Conversion and Transport: An Interactive Computer-Based Approach, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  2. Naghizadeh, R. A. , Jazebi, S. and Vahidi, B. 2012. Modelling Hydro Power Plants and Tuning Hydro Governors as an Educational Guideline. International Review on Modelling and Simulations (I. RE. MO. S), Vol. 5, No. 4
  3. IEEE Committee. 1973. Dynamic models for steam and hydro turbines in power system studies. IEEE Trans on Power Appar Syst; 92:1904–15.
  4. IEEE Working Group. 1992. Hydraulic turbine and turbine control models for system dynamic studies. IEEE Trans on Power Syst;7:167–79.
  5. Vournas CD. Second order hydraulic turbine models for multimachine stability studies. IEEE Trans Energy Conv 1990;5: 239–44. ARTICLE IN PRESS 792 N. Kishor et al. / Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 11 (2007) 776–796
  6. Qijuan C, Zhihuai Xiao. 2000. Dynamic modeling of hydroturbine generating set. In: IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, pp. 3427–3430.
  7. Singh, M. , and Chandra, A. 2010. Modeling and Control of Isolated Micro-Hydro Power Plant with Battery Storage System. National Power Electronic Conference, Roorkee, India
  8. Malik, O. P. , Hope, G. S. , Hancock, G. , Zhaohui, L. , Luqing, Y. E. and Shouping, W. E. I. 1991. Frequency measurement for use with a microprocessor-based water turbine governor. IEEE Trans Energy Conv, 6:361–6.
  9. Ramey, D. G. and Skooglund, J. W. 1970. Detailed hydro governor representation for system stability studies. IEEE Trans on Power Apparatus and Systems, 89:106–12.
  10. Bhaskar, M. A. 2010. Non Linear Control of STATCOM. IEEE Internaltional Conference on Recent Trends in Information Telecommunication and Computing, pp. 190-195.
  11. Luqing, Y. E. , Shouping, W. E. I. , Malik, O. P. and Hope, G. S. 1989. Variable and time varying parameter control for hydroelectric generating unit. IEEE Trans Energy Conv, 4:293–9, Wozniak.
  12. Fuchs, E. F. and Masoum, M. A. S. 2011. Power Conversion of Renewable Energy Systems, Springer, ISBN 978-1-4419-7978-0
  13. Xu, F. , Li, Y. and Qijuan, C. 1995. Study of the Modelling of Hydroturbine Generating Set. In: International IEEE/IAS Conference on Industrial Automation and Control: Emerging Technologies, 22-27, pp. 644-647.
  14. Hernandez, G. A. M. , Mansoor, S. P. and Jones, D. L. 2012. Modelling and Controlling Hydropower plants, Springer, DOI 10. 1007/978-1-4471-2291-312.
  15. Marquez, J. L. , Molina, M. G. and Pacas, J. M. 2010. Dynamic modelling, simulation and control design of an advanced micro-hydro power plant or distributed generation applications. " Elsevier Trans. On Hydrogen Energy Policy, I-6.
  16. Nassar, I. A. , Weber, H. 2009. Dynamic Model of Unit 1 of Ataturk Hydro Power Plant in Turkey. 13th Middle East Power Systems Conference, MEPCON' Assiut University, Egypt
  17. Singh, G. , and Chauhan, D. S. 2011. Simulation and Modeling of Hydro Power Plant to Study Time Response during Different Gate States. (IJAEST) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ENGINEERING SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGIES Vol. No. 10, Issue No. 1, 042 - 047
  18. Munoz-Hernandez, G. A. and Jones, D. I. 2004, Modelling, Simulation and Control of a Hydroelectric Pumped Storage Power Station, Control 2004, University of Bath, UK.
  19. Prillwitz, F. , Al-Ali, S. E. , Haase, T. , Weber, H. and Saqe, L. 2007. Simulation Model of the Hydropower plant Shkopeti. 6th EUROSIM Congress on Modelling and Simulation, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
  20. Zagona, E. A. and Magee, T. M. 2013. Modelling Hydropower in RiverWare. In Proc. of Waterpower 99: Hydro's Future: Technology, Markets and Policy, pp 1-10.
  21. IEEE Working Group on Prime Mover and Energy Supply Models for System Dynamic Performance Studies. 1992. Hydraulic Turbine and Turbine Control Models for Dynamic Studies. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 167-179.
  22. Mathworks. 2014. Synchronous Machines. http://www. mathworks. com/examples/simpower/50-synchronous-machine.
  23. Kishor, N. , Sainia, S. P. and Singhb, S. P. 2006. A review on hydropower plant models and control. Science Direct, Review of Sustainable Energy Review, Elsevier, pp. 776-796.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Hydraulic turbine penstock governor synchronous generator system simulation.