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Reseach Article

Review of Hydropower Plant Models

by Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 108 - Number 18
Year of Publication: 2014
Authors: Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin
10.5120/19014-0541

Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin . Review of Hydropower Plant Models. International Journal of Computer Applications. 108, 18 ( December 2014), 33-38. DOI=10.5120/19014-0541

@article{ 10.5120/19014-0541,
author = { Amevi Acakpovi, Essel Ben Hagan, Francois Xavier Fifatin },
title = { Review of Hydropower Plant Models },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { December 2014 },
volume = { 108 },
number = { 18 },
month = { December },
year = { 2014 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 33-38 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume108/number18/19014-0541/ },
doi = { 10.5120/19014-0541 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:43:20.834922+05:30
%A Amevi Acakpovi
%A Essel Ben Hagan
%A Francois Xavier Fifatin
%T Review of Hydropower Plant Models
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 108
%N 18
%P 33-38
%D 2014
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

This paper consists of an extensive review on the modeling of hydropower plant. First a background was provided on all components needed to develop a full and comprehensive model on hydropower plant including penstock, governor, turbine and generator. The review of existing models was started with simple analytical models that were followed by system modelling. The complexity of modeling the dynamic aspect of water flowing through the penstock as well as the opening and closing of wicket gate have led to the development of complex control systems to model hydropower plant. Those complex models were rather represented as systems instead of been analytical. They are mostly equipped with numerous feedback as well as modern control systems such as fuzzy logic and PID control logic that improves their performances. However, these models are most often constructed and simulated with software of which Matlab is a fundamental one. In line with this, the paper investigated a simulation of hydropower plant including a model of hydraulic turbine, governor and synchronous machine, all simulated under Matlab software. A three phase to ground fault was introduced in the model at t=0. 2s and remove after t=0. 4s and this shows that the generated voltage quickly regained its stability due to the high excitation voltage that was maintained by the PID control system incorporated in the hydraulic turbine model. The speed of the motor also regained stability but this case was slower than the voltage one. In all, simulation results showed a perfect generation of energy from hydropower plant that was robust enough to resist faults.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Hydraulic turbine penstock governor synchronous generator system simulation.