CFP last date
20 March 2024
Reseach Article

LEACH and Extended LEACH Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network-A Survey

by Amandeep Kaur, Amit Grover
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 116 - Number 10
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: Amandeep Kaur, Amit Grover

Amandeep Kaur, Amit Grover . LEACH and Extended LEACH Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network-A Survey. International Journal of Computer Applications. 116, 10 ( April 2015), 1-5. DOI=10.5120/20369-2576

@article{ 10.5120/20369-2576,
author = { Amandeep Kaur, Amit Grover },
title = { LEACH and Extended LEACH Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network-A Survey },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { April 2015 },
volume = { 116 },
number = { 10 },
month = { April },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 1-5 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/20369-2576 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T22:58:04.861766+05:30
%A Amandeep Kaur
%A Amit Grover
%T LEACH and Extended LEACH Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network-A Survey
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 116
%N 10
%P 1-5
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Wireless Sensor Network is collection of wireless sensor nodes in which routing protocol is most challenging issue. Sensors have limited battery power. Battery extends the lifetime of sensor nodes. Energy utilization is one of the most important considerations. There are various routing techniques which increase lifetime of battery. One of the most energy efficient clustering routing protocols is LEACH. In this survey paper we represent LEACH & Extended version of LEACH routing protocol. Some issues are faced by LEACH. In this paper we represent how Extended LEACH version tackled these issues. We compare Extended LEACH Protocols with original LEACH.

  1. S. ELkhediri, N. Nasri, A. Kachouri, Diverses"Synchronization Issues in Wireless Sensors Networks", IEEE the 23 International Conference of Microelectronics. TUNISIA: ICM, 2011.
  2. "21 ideas for the 21st century", Business week, Aug. 30 1999, pp. 78-167.
  3. Sapna Choudhary1, Sandeep Sharma2, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Vol. 4, Issue 1, January 2014.
  4. Ravneet Kaur1, Deepika Sharma2, Navdeep Kaur3,"Comparative Analysis Of Leach and Its Descendant Protocols In Wireless Sensor Network" International Journal of P2P Network Trends and Technology-Vol. 3, Issue 1–2013
  5. Salim EL KHEDIRIa,b,c, Nejah NASRIa, Anne WEIc, Abdennaceur KACHOURId," A New Approach for Clustering in Wireless Sensors Networks Based on LEACH" science direct International Workshop on Wireless Networks and Energy Saving Techniques (WNTEST)
  6. J. Gnanambigai#1,Dr. N. Rengarajan#2,K. Anbukkarasi#3 Leach and Its Descendant Protocols: A Survey" International Journal of Communication and Computer Technologies Volume 01 – No. 3, Issue: 02 September 2012
  7. X. H. Wu, S. Wang,"Performancecomparison of LEACH and LEACH-C protocols by NS-2," Proceedings of 9th International Symposium on Distributed Computing and Applications to Business, Engineering and Science. Hong Kong, China, pp 254-258,2010
  8. RajashreeV. Biradar,Dr. S. R. Sawant,Dr. R. R. Mudholkar,Dr. V. C. Patil "Multihop Routing In Self-Organizing Wireless Sensor Networks" IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues,Vol. 8,Issue 1,Januaray 2011
  9. EZZATIABDELLAH, SAIDBENALLA, Abderrahim BENIHSSANE,MoulayLahcenHASNAOUI,"Advanced Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy" EzzatiAbdellah etal/ (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 02. No. 07, 2010, 2491-2497.
  10. Lan Tien Nguyen †1, Xavier Defago †2, Razvan Beuran *†3, Yoichi Shinoda †*4 IEEE ISWCS 2008.
  11. M. Aslam1, N. Javaid2, A. Rahim3, U. Nazir4, "Survey of Extended LEACH-Based Clustering Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks" [cs. NI] 11 July 2012.
  12. P. Manimala1, R. Senthamil selvi2, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Website: www. ijetae. com (ISSN 2250–2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 12, December 2013).
  13. Bajaber, Fuad G. (Awan, Irfan U. ). "Performance Analysis of Cluster Based Communication Protocols for Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks. Design, Analysis and Performance Evaluation of Communication Protocols under Various Topologies to Enhance the Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks. ", University of Bradford, 2011.
  14. Sabri, Alia and Al-Shqeerat, Khalil "Hierarchical Cluster-Based Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks -- A Survey", International Journal of Computer Science.
  15. Khan, Zahoor A. and Sampalli, Srinivas. "AZRLEACH: An Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks", International Journal of Communications, Network & System Sciences, 2012.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Cluster Head (CH) Time division multiple access (TDMA) Cluster member (CM) Base Station (BS) Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).