CFP last date
22 April 2024
Reseach Article

Face Recognition using Eigenfaces

by M A Imran, M S U Miah, H Rahman, A Bhowmik, D Karmaker
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 118 - Number 5
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: M A Imran, M S U Miah, H Rahman, A Bhowmik, D Karmaker
10.5120/20740-3119

M A Imran, M S U Miah, H Rahman, A Bhowmik, D Karmaker . Face Recognition using Eigenfaces. International Journal of Computer Applications. 118, 5 ( May 2015), 12-16. DOI=10.5120/20740-3119

@article{ 10.5120/20740-3119,
author = { M A Imran, M S U Miah, H Rahman, A Bhowmik, D Karmaker },
title = { Face Recognition using Eigenfaces },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { May 2015 },
volume = { 118 },
number = { 5 },
month = { May },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 12-16 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume118/number5/20740-3119/ },
doi = { 10.5120/20740-3119 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T23:00:52.154666+05:30
%A M A Imran
%A M S U Miah
%A H Rahman
%A A Bhowmik
%A D Karmaker
%T Face Recognition using Eigenfaces
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 118
%N 5
%P 12-16
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

We tried to develop a real time face detection and recognition system which uses an "appearance-based" approach. For detection purpose we used Viola Jones algorithm. To recognize face we worked with Eigen Faces which is a PCA based algorithm. In a real time to recognize a face we need a data training set. For data training set we took five images of each person and manipulated the Eigen values to match the known individual.

References
  1. A. Samal and P. Iyengar, "Automatic Recognition and Analysis of Human Faces and Facial Expressions: A Survey," Pattern Recognition,vol. 25, pp. 65-77, 1992.
  2. WenYi Zhao, Rama Chellappa "Image based Face Recognition Issues and Methods" url- http://www. pbs. org/wgbh/nova/next/tech/the-limits-of-facial-recognition/
  3. Y. Adini. Y. Moses and S. Ullman, "Face Recognition: The problem of Compensating for Changes in Illumination Direction,"¬ IEEE Trans. on PAMI, Vol. 19 , pp. 721-732, 1997
  4. W. W. Bledsoe, "Man-machine facial recognition," Technical Report PRI 22, Panoramic Research Inc. , Palo Alto, CA, Aug. 1966.
  5. M. D. Kelly, "Visual identification of people by computer," Stanford Artificial Intelligence Project Memo AI-130, July 1970.
  6. T. Kanade, "Picture processing system by computer complex and recognition of human faces," Dept. Information Science, Kyoto University, Nov. 1973.
  7. D. Valentin, H. Abdi, A. J. O'Toole, and G. W. Cottrell, "Connectionist models of face processing: A survey," Pattern Recognition, vol. 27, pp. 1209–1230, 1994.
  8. M. Flemming and G. Cottrell, "Face recognition using unsupervised feature extraction," Proc. Intl. Neural Network Conf. , Paris, 1990.
  9. J. T. Lapresté, J. Y. Cartoux, and M. Richetin, "Face recognition from range data by structural analysis," in Syntactic and Structural Pattern Recognition, ed. G. Ferrat, et al. , NATO ASI series, vol. F45, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg ,1988.
  10. J. C. Lee and E. Milios, "Matching range images of human faces," Proc. IEEE Third Intl. Conf. Computer Vision, pp. 722–726, Osaka, Japan, Dec. 1990.
  11. G. G. Gordon, "Face recognition from depth and curvature," Ph. D. Thesis, Harvard University, 1991.
  12. Matthew TURK ,"A Random Walk through Eigen space," IEICE TRANS. INF. & SYST. , VOL. E84–D, NO. 12 DECEMBER 2001
  13. L. Sirovich and M. Kirby, "Low dimensional procedure for the characterization of human faces," J. Optical Society of America, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 519–524, 1987.
  14. P. Burt, "Smart sensing within a pyramid vision machine," Proc. IEEE, vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 1006–1015, 1988.
  15. M. Turk and A. P. Pentland, "Eigenfaces for recognition," J. Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 71–96, 1991.
  16. B. Moghaddam, W. Wahid, and A. Pentland, "Beyond eigenfaces: Probabilistic matching for face recognition," Proc. Third Intl. Conf. Automatic Face- and Gesture Recognition, pp. 30–35, Nara, Japan, 1998.
  17. A. Lanitis, C. J. Taylor, and T. F. Cootes, "Automatic interpretation and coding of face images using flexible models," IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. & Mach. Intell. , vol. 19, no. 7 pp. 743–756, 1997.
  18. A. S. Georghiades, D. J. Kriegman, and P. N. Belhumeur, "Illumination cones for recognition under variable lighting: Faces," IEEE Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1998.
  19. L. Zhao and Y. H. Yang,"Theoretical analysis of illumination in PCA-based vision systems," Pattern Recognition, vol. 32, pp. 547–564, 1999.
  20. I. Craw, N. Costen, T. Kato, G. Robertson, and S. Akamatsu, "Automatic face recognition: Combining configuration and texture," Proc. Intl. Workshop on Automatic Face and Gesture-Recognition, pp. 53–58, Zurich, 1995.
  21. M. Lades, J. C. Vorbruggen, J. Buhmann, J. Lange, C. Von der Malsburg, R. P. Wurtz, and W. Konen, "Distortion invariant object recognition in the dynamic link architecture," IEEE Trans. Comput. , vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 300–311, 1993.
  22. R. P. Würtz, J. C. Vorbrüggen, C. von der Malsburg, and J. Lange, "Recognition of human faces by a neuronal graph matching process," in Applications of Neural Networks, ed. H. G. Schuster, pp. 181–200, VCH, Weinheim, 1992.
  23. A. Lanitis, C. J. Taylor, and T. F. Cootes, "A unified approach to coding and interpreting faces," Proc. 5th Intl. Conf. Computer Vision, pp. 368–373, 1995.
  24. Y. Li, S. Gong, and H. Liddell, "Support vector regression and classification based multi-viewface detection and recognition," Proc. Conf. Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 300–305, Grenoble, France, March 2000.
  25. T. Ezzat and T. Poggio, "Facial analysis and synthesis using image-based models," Proc. Second Intl. Conf. Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 116–121, Killington, VT, 1996.
  26. M. Bichsel, "Automatic interpolation and recognition of face images by morphing," Proc. Second Intl. Conf. Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 128–135, Killington, VT, 1996.
  27. T. W. Lee, Independent Component Analysis: Theory and Applications, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1998.
  28. P. S. Penev and L. Sirovich, "The global dimensionality of face space," Proc. 4th Int'l. Conf. Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 264–270, Grenoble, France, 2000.
  29. Kirby, M. and L. Sirovich, Application of the Karhunen-Loève Procedure for the Characterization of Human Faces. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and achineIntelligence, 1990. 12(1): p. 103-108
  30. Saha and Bhattacharjee "Face Recognition Using Eigen faces", (ISSN 2250-2459, ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 5. 2013
  31. Trina D. Russ, Mark W. Koch, Charles Q. Little, "3D Facial Recognition: A Quantitative Analysis," 38th Annual 2004 International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, 2004.
  32. John D. Woodward, Jr. , Christopher Horn, Julius Gatune, Aryn Thomas, "Biometrics, A Look at Facial Recognition," RAND, 2003.
  33. M A U Rahman, M S U Miah, M A Fahad and D Karmaker, "SHIMPG: Simple human interaction with machine using Physical Gesture" Control Automation Robotics & Vision (ICARCV), 2014 IEEE. [Online]. Available: http://ieeexplore. ieee. org/xpl/articleDetails. jsp?arnumber=7064322.
  34. D karmaker, H Rahman, M S Rahaman, M S Rahman, "Global Motion tracking with six parameter model", ARPN Journal of Systems and Software,Volume 1 No. 5, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://scientific-journals. org/journalofsystemsandsoftware/archive/vol1no5/vol1no5_3. pdf.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Face Detection Face Recognition Eigen Faces PCA