CFP last date
22 April 2024
Call for Paper
May Edition
IJCA solicits high quality original research papers for the upcoming May edition of the journal. The last date of research paper submission is 22 April 2024

Submit your paper
Know more
Reseach Article

Entropy based Robust Watermarking Scheme using Hadamard Transformation Technique

by Franklin Rajkumar.V, Manekandan.GRS, V.Santhi
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 12 - Number 9
Year of Publication: 2011
Authors: Franklin Rajkumar.V, Manekandan.GRS, V.Santhi
10.5120/1712-2293

Franklin Rajkumar.V, Manekandan.GRS, V.Santhi . Entropy based Robust Watermarking Scheme using Hadamard Transformation Technique. International Journal of Computer Applications. 12, 9 ( January 2011), 14-21. DOI=10.5120/1712-2293

@article{ 10.5120/1712-2293,
author = { Franklin Rajkumar.V, Manekandan.GRS, V.Santhi },
title = { Entropy based Robust Watermarking Scheme using Hadamard Transformation Technique },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { January 2011 },
volume = { 12 },
number = { 9 },
month = { January },
year = { 2011 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 14-21 },
numpages = {9},
url = { https://ijcaonline.org/archives/volume12/number9/1712-2293/ },
doi = { 10.5120/1712-2293 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T20:01:13.497753+05:30
%A Franklin Rajkumar.V
%A Manekandan.GRS
%A V.Santhi
%T Entropy based Robust Watermarking Scheme using Hadamard Transformation Technique
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 12
%N 9
%P 14-21
%D 2011
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Abstract

In this paper, entropy based robust watermarking scheme using Hadamard transformation technique is proposed. The proposed technique can hide an entire image or pattern as a watermark directly into the original image. As the quality of the image is to be preserved the entire image is not altered for embedding, instead few blocks are used based on the size of the watermark and information content of an image block. To reduce the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm Hadamard transformation is used for converting cover image from spatial domain to transform domain. The proposed algorithm is tested with Lena grey scale image of size 256x256 and watermark of size 64x64 using mat lab software. The experimental results show that the proposed scheme is robust to random noise addition attack, resize attack and cropping attack.

References
  1. F.Hartung and M. Kutter, “Multimedia Watermarking Techniques,” in proc. of the IEEE, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 1079-1107, July 1999.
  2. Ali Al-Haj “Combined DWT-DCT Digital Image Watermarking,” Journal of computer science 3 (9),740-746, ISSN, 2007.
  3. W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto and A. Lu, “Techniques for data hiding,” IBM Systems Journal, vol.35, no. 3&4, pp. 313-336, 1996.
  4. I. J. Cox, J. Killian, F. T. Leighton and T. Shamoon,“Secure spread spectrum watermarking for multimedia,”IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 6, no. 12,pp. 1673-1687, December 1997.
  5. J. J. K. 0 Ruanaidh, W. J. Dowling and F. M. Boland,“Watermarking digital images for copyright protection,”IEE Proceedings - Vision, Image and Signal Processing, vol. 143, no. 4, pp. 250-256, August 1996.
  6. M. D. Swanson, M. Kobayashi and A. H. Tewfik, “Multimedia data-embedding and watermarking techniques,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 86, no. 6, pp.1064-1087, June 1998.
  7. Navas K A,Ajay Mathews Cheriyan, Lekshmi. M, Archana Tampy.S, Sasikumar M, “DWT-DCT-SVD Based Watermarking,” 3rd International Conference on Communication Systems Software and Middleware and Workshops, 2008.
  8. B. J. Fnlkowski and Lip-San Lim,”Image watermarking using Hadamard Transforms”, Electronics Letters, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 211-213, February 2000.
  9. Bogdan J. Falkowski and Lip-San Lim,”Image Watermarking Using the Complex Hadamard Transform”, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 4, pp. 573-576, Geneva, Switzerland, May 2000.
  10. Anthony T.S. Ho, Jun Shen, Soon Hie Tan, Alex C. Kot,”Digital Image-in-Image Watermarking For Copyright Protection Of Satellite Images Using the Fast Hadamard Transform”, IEEE International Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium, vol. 6, pp. 3311-3313, 2002.
  11. Anthony T.S. Ho, Jun Shen, Andrew K.K. Chow, Jerry Woon,” Robust digital image-image watermarking algorithm using fast Hadamard transform“, International Symposium on circuits and systems, vol. 3, pp. III-826-III-829, May 2003.
  12. Roumen Kountchev Mariofanna Milanova Charles Ford Stuart Rubin,”Multimedia Watermarking with complex Hadamard transform in the inverse pyramidal decomposition”, International conference on Information Reuse and Integration, pp. 305-310, October 2003.
  13. Tang Xianghong, Yang Lianjie, YueHengli, Yin Zhongke,”A Watermarking Algorithm Based on the SVD and Hadamard Transform”, International Conference on Communications, circuits and system, vol. 2-877, May 2005.
  14. Emad E. Abdallah, A. Ben Hamza, and Prabir Bhattacharya,”Robust block based image watermarking scheme using fast Hadamard transformation and single value decomposition”, The 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition , vol. 3, pp. 673-676, 2006.
  15. Elijah Mwangi,”A wavelet based image watermarking scheme with a cdma/Hadamard embedding technique”, 9th International Symposium on Signal Processing and its Applications, pp. 1-4, February 2007.
  16. Bogdan J. Falkowski,”Multi-Polarity Complex Hadamard Transforms for Phase Watermarking Algorithm”, 6th International Conference on Information Communication and Signal Processing, pp. 1-5, December 2007.
  17. Gaurav Bhatnagarl and Balasubramanian Raman2,”RobustWatermarking in Multiresolution Walsh-Hadamard Transform”, International Advance Computing Conference (IACC 2009), Patiala, India, pp. 894-899, March 2009.
  18. Yasunoriishikawa, Kazutakeuehiraand Kazuhisa yanaka,”Illumination Watermarking Technique Using Orthogonal Transforms”, Industry Applications society Annual Meeting, pp. 1-4, October 2009.
  19. Aris Marjuni, Rajasvaran Logeswaran, M. F.Ahmad Fauzi,”An image watermarking scheme based on fast Walsh Hadamard transformation and discrete Cosine transformation”, International Conference on Networking and Information Technology, pp. 289-293, June 2010.
  20. Yasunori Ishikawa, Kazutake Uehira, and Kazuhisa Yanaka,”Practical evaluation of illumination watermarking technique using orthogonal transforms”, Journal of Display Technology, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 351-358, September 2010.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences

Keywords

Digital Watermarking Hadamard transform based watermarking Entropy based watermarking transform domain watermarking