Call for Paper - January 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2022. Read More

A Simulation Study and Comparison of On-Demand Ad-hoc Routing Protocols using QualNet 5. 2

International Journal of Computer Applications
© 2015 by IJCA Journal
Volume 122 - Number 6
Year of Publication: 2015
Pooja Gupta
Shalini Tiwari
Rajesh Kumar Tyagi

Pooja Gupta, Shalini Tiwari and Rajesh Kumar Tyagi. Article: A Simulation Study and Comparison of On-Demand Ad-hoc Routing Protocols using QualNet 5.2. International Journal of Computer Applications 122(6):21-26, July 2015. Full text available. BibTeX

	author = {Pooja Gupta and Shalini Tiwari and Rajesh Kumar Tyagi},
	title = {Article: A Simulation Study and Comparison of On-Demand Ad-hoc Routing Protocols using QualNet 5.2},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {122},
	number = {6},
	pages = {21-26},
	month = {July},
	note = {Full text available}


A mobile ad-hoc network is a wireless network of mobile devices in which the devices can locate them randomly and thus the network cannot have any fixed or centralized infrastructure. The paper aims to evaluate the performance of two main on-demand ad-hoc routing protocols- AODV and DSR using QUALNET 5. 2 network simulator. Here, these protocols are analysed under two network simulation scenarios- varying number of nodes and mobility. Various performance metrics- average end-to-end delay, throughput, packet loss percentage, Packet delivery ratio and average jitter are examined to compare the network performance of these protocols. The simulation results show that DSR outperforms AODV with respect to increasing number of nodes while AODV performs better than DSR with respect to increasing pause time.


  • Jun- Zhao Sun, "Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: An Essential Technology for Pervasive Computing," Proceedings of International conference on info-tech and info-net, Vol-3, pp. 316-321, 2001.
  • Elizabeth M. Royer and C- K Toh, "A Review Of Current Routing Protocols for Ad-hoc Mobile Wireless Networks," IEEE Personal Communications Page(s) : 46-55,1999 .
  • Md. Shohidul Islam, Md. Naim Hider, Md. Touhidul Haque and Letan Miah, "An Extensive Comparison among DSDV, DSR and AODV Protocols in MANET," IJCA (0975-8887) Volume 15- No. 2, February 2011.
  • Priyanka Jangir and Saurabh Mishra, "Performance Comparison of DSDV, AODV and DSR for Mobile Ad-hoc network by varying network size," Conference on Advances in Communication and Control Systems 2013 (CAC2S 2013).
  • Mukesh Kumar Garg , Dharam Vir, Dr. S. K. Agarwal, "Simulation Analysis of AODV, DSR and ZRP Routing Protocols in MANET using QualNet 5. 0 Simulator," International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 3, Issue 3, March 2013 ISSN 2250-3153.
  • Subramanya Bhat. M, Shwetha. D and Devaraju. J. T, "A Performance Study of Proactive, Reactive and Hybrid Routing Protocols using Qualnet Simulator," International Journal of Computer Applications (0975-8887) Volume 28– No. 5, August 2011.
  • Shaily Mittal and Prabhjot Kaur, "Performance Comparison of AODV, DSR and ZRP Routing Protocols in MANET's," International Conference on Advances in Computing, Control, and Telecommunication Technologies, 2009.
  • Luis Girone's Quesada, "A Routing Protocols for Manets," Master of Science in Comm. technology thesis, Norwegean University of Science and Technology, Department of Telematics, 2007.
  • Monika, Sanjay Batish and Amardeep Dhiman, "Comparative Study of AODV, DSDV and DSR Routing Protocols in Vehicular Network Using ns2," International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3, Issue 6, June-2012, ISSN 2229-5518.
  • Ambica Raina, Akhil Gupta, Dr Rakesh Kumar Jha, "Analysis of AODV and DSR Routing Protocols for a Static Ad Hoc Network Using QualNet Network Simulator," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2014 ISSN: 2277 128X.
  • C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer, "Ad-Hoc On-demand Distance Vector routing," Proc. 2nd IEEE Wksp. Mobile Comp. Sys. And Apps, Feb. 1999, pp. 90–100.
  • Janardhana Raju M. , Koteswar Rao N. , Ramesh V. , Subbaiah P. , "Performance Comparison and Analysis of DSDV and AODV for MANET," (IJCSE) International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering Vol. 02, No. 02, 2010, 183-188.
  • QualNet-5. 2-ProductTour.
  • QualNet-5. 2-Developer-ModelLibrary.
  • Khaja Anwar Ali Siddiqui and Yousuf Khan Afroz, "Minimum Delay Routing Protocol with Enhanced Multimedia Transmission over Heterogeneous MANETs," Trends in Innovative Computing 2012- Intelligent Systems Design.