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Enhancing an Eye-Tracker based Human-Computer Interface with Multi-modal Accessibility Applied for Text Entry

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International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors:
Jai Vardhan Singh, Girijesh Prasad
10.5120/ijca2015907194

Jai Vardhan Singh and Girijesh Prasad. Article: Enhancing an Eye-Tracker based Human-Computer Interface with Multi-modal Accessibility Applied for Text Entry. International Journal of Computer Applications 130(16):16-22, November 2015. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

@article{key:article,
	author = {Jai Vardhan Singh and Girijesh Prasad},
	title = {Article: Enhancing an Eye-Tracker based Human-Computer Interface with Multi-modal Accessibility Applied for Text Entry},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2015},
	volume = {130},
	number = {16},
	pages = {16-22},
	month = {November},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}
}

Abstract

In natural course, human beings usually make use of multi-sensory modalities for effective communication or efficiently executing day-to-day tasks. For instance, during verbal conversations we make use of voice, eyes, and various body gestures. Also effective human-computer interaction involves hands, eyes, and voice, if available. Therefore by combining multi-sensory modalities, we can make the whole process more natural and ensure enhanced performance even for the disabled users. Towards this end, we have developed a multi-modal human-computer interface (HCI) by combining an eye-tracker with a soft-switch which may be considered as typically representing another modality. This multi-modal HCI is applied for text entry using a virtual keyboard appropriately designed in-house, facilitating enhanced performance. Our experimental results demonstrate that using multi-modalities for text entry through the virtual keyboard is more efficient and less strenuous than single modality system and also solves the Midas-touch problem, which is inherent in an eye-tracker based HCI system where only dwell time is used for selecting a character.

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Keywords

Multi-modal, eye-tracker, HCI, eye typing, eye-gaze.