CFP last date
20 June 2024
Reseach Article

Survey of Expert Systems and the Cognitive Approaches towards an Effective Tutoring System

by D.K. Chaturvedi, Atul Prakash Prajapati
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 132 - Number 5
Year of Publication: 2015
Authors: D.K. Chaturvedi, Atul Prakash Prajapati

D.K. Chaturvedi, Atul Prakash Prajapati . Survey of Expert Systems and the Cognitive Approaches towards an Effective Tutoring System. International Journal of Computer Applications. 132, 5 ( December 2015), 1-7. DOI=10.5120/ijca2015907372

@article{ 10.5120/ijca2015907372,
author = { D.K. Chaturvedi, Atul Prakash Prajapati },
title = { Survey of Expert Systems and the Cognitive Approaches towards an Effective Tutoring System },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { December 2015 },
volume = { 132 },
number = { 5 },
month = { December },
year = { 2015 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 1-7 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/ijca2015907372 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-06T23:28:18.850883+05:30
%A D.K. Chaturvedi
%A Atul Prakash Prajapati
%T Survey of Expert Systems and the Cognitive Approaches towards an Effective Tutoring System
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 132
%N 5
%P 1-7
%D 2015
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

This paper presents a survey of Expert Tutoring System (ETS), designed for the improvement of teaching pedagogy. It talks about the flaws and designing issues that may occur in designing the expert tutoring system, and also suggests the cognitive approach for building a robust tutoring system. It describes the ill defined domains, case based reasoning, and the system approach for the designing of a cognitive tutoring system.

  1. Agnar Aamodt. Case-based reasoning: Foundational issues, methodological variations, and system approaches. AI Communications, 7(1):39–59, 1994.
  2. A.Brebner, H.J Hallworth, and G.Mckinnon. Caiter: a computer based instruction terminal. Springer US, 1987.
  3. Luigia Carlucci Aiello, Daniele Nardi, and Marco Schaerf. Reasoning about reasoning in a meta-level architecture. Applied Intelligence, 1:55–67, 1991.
  4. Nigam Bayazit. An interactive model for computer aided design education and research on knowledge base of designers. Springer US, 1986.
  5. Michael J. Beeson. Logic and Computation in MATHPERT: An Expert System for Learning Mathematics. Springer US, 1989.
  6. A. Benslimane and C. F. Ducateau. An Expert System for the Elaboration of Teaching Plan Based on a Subject-Matter Model. Springer London, 1990.
  7. Janis A. Bubenko and Istvan P. Orci. Knowledge Base Management Systems: A Database View. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
  8. Devendra Kumar Chaturvedi. Virtual power lab: A better opportunitie for learning. International journal of information technology and Application, 2, 2012.
  9. William F. Clocksim and Christopher S. Mellish. Debugging prolog programs. Springer US, 1984.
  10. Albert Corbett, Megan McLaughlin, K. Christine Scarpinatto, and William Hadley. Analyzing and Generating Mathematical Models: An Algebra II Cognitive Tutor Design Study. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2000.
  11. Albert T. Corbett and John R. Anderson. Student modeling and mastery learning in a computer-based programming tutor. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1992.
  12. Corbi and A. Burgos. Implementation of the recommendation model lime in cognitive and visual interactive tutors from pslc. Latin America Transactions, IEEE (Revista IEEE America Latina), 13(2):516–522, 2015.
  13. E.D.Mcwilliams and G.L.Richard. Portable , intelligent simulation for ASW training. Springer US, 1987.
  14. Jon A. Elorriaga and Isabel Fernndez-Castro. The HSIIP approach. An extension for a teacher’s apprentice. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1996.
  15. Ali Farghaly. A model for intelligent computer assisted language instruction (micali). Computers and the Humanities, 23:235–250, 1989.
  16. Gerhard Fischer, Andreas Lemke, and Thomas Schwab. Active help systems. Springer US, 1984.
  17. Philippe Fournier-Viger, Roger Nkambou, Engelbert Mephu Nguifo, and Andre Mayers. ITS in Ill-Defined Domains: Toward Hybrid Approaches. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.
  18. Massimo Gallonti and Giovanni Gwida. Intelligent decisions aids for process environments: An expert system approach. Springer US, 1986.
  19. Dedre Gentner. In Structure-mapping, A theoritical framework for analogy, volume 7, pages 155–170. Bolt beranek and newman inc., 1983.
  20. Dario Giuse. Lisp as a rapid prototyping environment: The chinese tutor. Lisp and symbolic computation, 1:165–184, 1988.
  21. Carolina Gonzalez, Juan C. Burguillo, and Martin Llamas. Case-Based Student Modeling in Multi-agent Learning Environment. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005.
  22. Eric Gutstein. Using expert tutor knowledge to design a Self- Improving intelligent tutoring system. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1992.
  23. Mohammed M. Haque, Allen A. Rovick, Joel A. Michael, and Martha Evens. Tutoring Rule Authoring System (TRAS). Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
  24. Gilles Imbeau, Gilles Gauthier, and Claude Frasson. Wordtutor: An intelligent tutoring system for teaching word processing. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1990.
  25. J.G.Neal and S.C.Shapiro. Knowledge based parsing. Springer US, 1987.
  26. Kazuhisa Kawai, Riichiro Mizoguchi, Osamu Kakusho, and Junichi Tyoda. A framework for icai system based on inductive inference and logic progamming. New generation computing, 5:115–129, 1987.
  27. Nakhoon Kim, Martha Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick. Circsim-tutor: An intelligent tutoring system for circulatory physiology. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
  28. H. Kindler, D. Densow, and T. M. Fliedner. RADES Medical Assistance System for the Management of Irradiated Persons. Springer Vienna, 1991.
  29. Yoon Hee Lee, Martha Evens, Joel A. Michael, and Allen A. Rovick. Spelling correction for an intelligent tutoring system. Springer New York, 1991.
  30. L.H.Nawrocki. An intelligent computer assisted instruction system for maintenance training. Springer US, 1987.
  31. Chee-Kit Looi and Boon Tee Tan.WORDMATH: A computerbased environment for learning word problem solving. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1996.
  32. Marilyn Loser and Barry Kurtz. Quadratic grapher: An intelligent tutoring system for graphing quadratic equations. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
  33. M. Joo Loureiro. LABEL: An Intelligent Learning Environment (ILE) for Electric Circuits. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1993.
  34. Xin Lu, Barbara Di Eugenio, Trina C. Kershaw, Stellan Ohlsson, and Andrew Corrigan-Halpern. Expert vs. Non-expert Tutoring: Dialogue Moves, Interaction Patterns and Multiutterance Turns. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2007.
  35. Collin F. Lynch, Kevin D. Ashley, Vincent Aleven, and Niels Pinkwart. Intelligent tutoring systems for ill-defined domains. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Ill-Defined Domains, Taiwan, 2006.
  36. R. Macura, K. Macura, V. Toro, E. Binet, and J. Trueblood. Case-Based Tutor for Radiology. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1993.
  37. M. Malick, M. Katke, and S Iyer. CarromTutor: A Cognitive Apprenticeship Based Tutor for Carrom Skills and Strategies. Technology for Education (T4E), 2014 IEEE Sixth International Conference in Clappana, 2014.
  38. Mary A. Mark, Kenneth R. Koedinger, and William S. Hadley. Elaborating Models of Algebraic Expression- Writing. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1998.
  39. Jean McKendree, Bob Radlinski, and Michael E. Atwood. The Grace Tutor: A qualified success. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1992.
  40. Joel A. Michael, Mohammed M. Haque, Allen A. Rovick, and Martha Evens. The pathophysiology tutor: A first step towards a smart tutor. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
  41. Eva Millan, Emilio Garcia-Hervas, Eduardo Guzman De los Riscos, Angel Rueda, and Jose Luis Perez de la Cruz. TAPLI: An Adaptive Web-Based Learning Environment for Linear Programming. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004.
  42. M.Ivanova. Researching affective computing techniques for intelligent tutoring systems. Interactive Collaborative Learning (ICL), 2013 International Conference in Kazan, 2013.
  43. Emrah Orhun. Expert systems and intelligent computerassisted instruction. Springer US, 1987. D. Partridge and K. Paap. An introduction to learning. Artificial intelligence review, 2:79–101, 1988.
  44. R.S. Perez and R.J.Seidel. The use of intelligent authoring tools to enhance CBI in technical training. Springer US, 1987.
  45. M. Quafafou, O. Dubant, J. P. Rolley, and P. Prvot. The Design of a Simulator System for Educating Engineers. Springer Netherlands, 1991.
  46. Parvati Rajan, Pramod Patil, KSR Anjaneyulu, and P Srinivas. The trigonometry tutor. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1990.
  47. Haider Ramadhan and Benedict du Boulay. Programming Environments for Novices. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1993.
  48. Daniel M. Russell. Alexandria: A Learning Resources Management Architecture. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1990.
  49. Michael Schoelles and Henry Hamburger. Teacher-usable exercise design tools. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1996.
  50. Tim O Shea. A design for self improving teaching system. Springer US, 1979.
  51. P.S Steif, Fu Luoting, and L.B Kara. Computer tutors can address students learning to solve complex engineering problems. Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), 2014 IEEE Madrid, 2014.
  52. Kenneth Tait. DISCOURSE: The Design and Production of Simulation-based Learning Environments. Springer Netherlands, 1994.
  53. Robert D. Tennyson. Instructional System Development: The Fourth Generation. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1995.
  54. Robert D. Tennyson and Klaus Breuer. ISD EXPERT: An Automated Approach to Instructional Design. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1994.
  55. David G. Ullman and Thomas A.Dietterich. Mechanical design methodology implications on future developments of computer-aided design and knowledge-based systems. Engineering with computers, 2:21–29, 1987.
  56. Jeroen J. G. van Merrinboer, Jaap Jan Luursema, Hans Kingma, Frans Houweling, and Arjen P. de Vries. Fuzzy Logic Instructional Models: The Dynamic Construction of Programming Assignments in CASCO. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1995.
  57. Vijay Vasandani and T. Govindaraj. Knowledge Structures for a Computer-Based Training Aid for Troubleshooting a Complex System. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1993.
  58. Joachim Wedekind. Computer-Aided Model Building. Springer US, United States, 1988.
  59. W.Feurzeig. Cognitive science, Artificial intelligence and complex training. Springer US, 1987.
  60. Randall Whitaker and Olov stberg. Channeling knowledge: Expert systems as communications media. Artificial intelligence review, 2:197–208, 1988.
Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Expert Tutoring Systems (ETS) Poorly Defined Domains Case Based Reasoning (CBR) Cognitive Approach