Call for Paper - March 2023 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the March 2023 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is February 20, 2023. Read More

Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs) – Opportunities and Challenges for Improving Cyber Security

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2016
Amit Kumar Tyagi

Amit Kumar Tyagi. Article: Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs) – Opportunities and Challenges for Improving Cyber Security. International Journal of Computer Applications 137(14):19-27, March 2016. Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA. BibTeX

	author = {Amit Kumar Tyagi},
	title = {Article: Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs) – Opportunities and Challenges for Improving Cyber Security},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	year = {2016},
	volume = {137},
	number = {14},
	pages = {19-27},
	month = {March},
	note = {Published by Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA}


With increasing global reliance on the Internet as a medium, to make transactions and transmit information comes with an increased risk of cyber-attacks. Today’s Internet is using by various societies of all available sectors. It is implemented by rapid changes in computing technology and expanded internet prevalence. But in opposite of this, malicious activities are growing rapidly and the technique to protect internet is becoming very critical. Every country’s cyber infrastructure is interconnected with and instrumental to economic prosperity and national security. However, most of the cyberinfrastructures are not secure and are vulnerable to severe attacks. Several malicious actors potentially leading to failure of critical infrastructure, exploitation of sensitive information, and loss of intellectual property (for e.g. US White House 2009, US Senate 2010, and Iran 2010 etc.).

This paper introduces the idea of cyber physical system (CPS). Cyber-Physical Systems are integration of computation and physical processes. A cyber-physical system is a system of collaborating computational elements controlling physical entities. Today’s benefits of virtualization technology are that can obtain high resource utilization through dynamic sharing of physical resources. Today’s this virtualization technology has become a key technology for the next generation computing which can easily get information technology (IT) infrastructure anytime, anywhere and expand. This work introduces various essentials opportunities and future challenges to improve cyber security and building a CPS system more secure and powerful.


  1. Amit Kumar Tyagi, G.Aghila, “A Wide Scale Survey on Botnet”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975-8887), Volume 34– No.9, November-2011.
  2. Lalit Sharma, Amit Kumar Tyagi et al., “An Efficient Cyber-Physical Systems for Mobile Environments”, ICADET, ISSN 2250-2459 (Online), Volume 4, Special Issue 1, pp.203-208, February 2014.
  3. Amit Kumar Tyagi, S.K.Tyagi et al., “A Survey on Security Provided for DoS attack”, ICADET, ISSN 2277 128X (Online), Volume 4, Special Issue 2, pp.117-124, February 2014.
  4. Amit Kumar Tyagi, Dr.N.Sreenath,” Exposing and Classifying Various Attacks on Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks”, ICADET, 21-22 February 2015.
  5. Hasan.C et al., Mission assurance policy and risk management in cybersecurity, 30 August 2013, Springer Science Business Media New York, 2013.
  7. Alvaro A. C´ardenas, et al. Challenges for Securing Cyber Physical Systems, Workshop on Future Directions in Cyber-physical Systems Security, DHS, 23, July, 2009.
  8. Eric Ke Wang, et al., Security Issues and Challenges for Cyber Physical System, 2010 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Green Computing and Communications.
  9. Fabio Pasqualetti, Florian D¨orfler, and Francesco Bullo, Attack Detection and Identification in Cyber-Physical Systems – Part I: Models and Fundamental Limitations, IEEExplore, 2013.
  14. Alvaro A. Cárdenas et al., Attacks against Process Control Systems: Risk, Assessment, Detection, and Response, ACM, 2011.
  15. Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan, James D. McCalley, Chen Ching Liu, Cyber Physical Systems Approach to Smart Electric Power Grid, (Book)
  17. Chopra Leena, Lamba Tripti, A Study of Cyber Security in Web Environment, IITM Journal of management and IT, 2014, Volume : 5, Issue 1.


Cyber Physical System, Cyber Security, Stuxnet, Threats.