Call for Paper - January 2024 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2024 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2023. Read More

Effect of Online Social Networking Sites Usage on Academic Performance of University Students in Uganda

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Peter Jegrace Jehopio, Ronald Wesonga, Douglas Andabati Candia

Peter Jegrace Jehopio, Ronald Wesonga and Douglas Andabati Candia. Effect of Online Social Networking Sites Usage on Academic Performance of University Students in Uganda. International Journal of Computer Applications 157(5):27-35, January 2017. BibTeX

	author = {Peter Jegrace Jehopio and Ronald Wesonga and Douglas Andabati Candia},
	title = {Effect of Online Social Networking Sites Usage on Academic Performance of University Students in Uganda},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {January 2017},
	volume = {157},
	number = {5},
	month = {Jan},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {27-35},
	numpages = {9},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017912711},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Online social networking site (OSNS) like any technological innovation provides an opportunity for quick and easy access to information. As to whether the information obtained provides additional academic knowledge to students is hypothesized and measured by their academic performance in school. This study provides evidence to the ongoingdebate of whether the use of OSNS among students improves academic performance of students.Findings from the study show that the effect of OSNS usage on academic performance was significant (p<0.05). Farther, the study demonstrated that for better academic performance, the optimum proportion of study time that a student may spend on OSNS usage was 25 percent. Students who manage their time well were morelikely to perform better than those who did not, by up to 48 percent. Furthermore, students who used OSNS more for academic than for non-academic purposes were more likely to perform better academically, by up to 11 percent. Regarding student majors: science-based majors tend to benefit more from OSNS usage compared to arts-based majors, by up to 50 percent. Student general characteristics (being male or female, married or single) and student-preferred mode of learning (using traditional, hybrid or online approach) were not significant in this study. In conclusion, use of OSNS by students at universities, when properly regulated results in better academic performance.


  1. L. Dragan, "Correlation between Facebook use for educational purposes and academic performance of students," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 61, p. 313e320, 2016.
  2. A. Kitsantas, N. Dabbagh, D. S. Chirinos, and H. Fake, "College students' perceptions of positive and negative effects of social networking," Social Networking and Education, p. 225e238 2016.
  3. C. C. Barczyk and D. G. Duncan, "Facebook in higher education courses: an analysis of students' attitudes, community of practice, and classroom community," International Business and Management, vol. 6, p. 1e11, 2013.
  4. B. Janković, M. Nikolić, J. Vukonjanski, and E. Terek, "The impact of Facebook and smart phone usage on the leisure activities and college adjustment of students in Serbia," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 55, 2016.
  5. R. Junco, "Student class standing, Facebook use, and academic performance," Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 36, p. 18e29, 2015.
  6. P. Rambe, "Activity theory and technology mediated interaction: cognitive scaffolding using question-based consultation on Facebook," Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 28, p. 1333e1361, 2012.
  7. S. K. Sharma, A. Joshi, and H. Sharma, "A multi-analytical approach to predict the Facebook usage in higher education," Computers in Human Behaviour, vol. 55, p. 340e353, 2016.
  8. M. Thongmak, "Factors determining learners' acceptance of Facebook in a higher education classroom," 6, vol. 3, p. 316e331, 2014.
  9. S. Ainin, M. M. Naqshbandi, S. Moghavvemi, and N. I. Jaafar, "Computers and Education Facebook usage, socialization and academic performance," Computers and Education, vol. 83, pp. 64–73, 2016.
  10. Z. Amin, A. Mansoor, S. R. Hussain, and F. Hashmat, "Impact of Social Media of Student’s Academic Performance. ," International Journal of Business and Management Invention, vol. 5, pp. 22-29, 2016.
  11. A. Calvo-Armengol, E. Patacchini, and Z. Yves, "Peer effects and social networks in education," Review of Economic Studies, vol. 76, p. 1239e1267, 2008.
  12. A. M. Helou and N. Z. A. Rahim, "The Influence of Social Networking Sites on Students’ Academic Performance in Malaysia," International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies vol. 5, pp. 247-254, 2014.
  13. N. Tuan and N. Tu, "The Impact of Online Social Networking on Students’ Study," VNU Journal of Education Research, vol. 29, pp. 1-13, 2013.
  14. J. Al-Menayes, "Social Media Use, Engagement and Addiction as Predictors of Academic Performance," International Journal of Psychological Studies, vol. 7, pp. 86-94, 2015.
  15. R. A. Bragdon and K. Dowler, "College Student Technology Use and Academic Performance," International Journal of Humanities and Social Science vol. 6, 2016.
  16. S. T. Frein, S. L. Jones, and J. E. Gerow, "When it comes to Facebook there may be more to bad memory than just multitasking," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 29, p. 2179e2182, 2013.
  17. T. Gok, "The Effects of Social Networking Sites on Students’ Studying and Habits," International Journal of Research in Education and Science, vol. 2, pp. 85-93, 2016.
  18. J. A. Paul, M. H. Baker, and J. D. Cochran, "Effect of online social networking on student academic performance," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 28, p. 2117e2127, 2012.
  19. X. Zheng and M. K. O. Lee, "Excessive use of mobile social networking sites: Negative consequences on individuals," Computers in Human Behavior vol. 65, p. 65e76, 2016.
  20. M. Alatawi, "High School Students as Snappers and Instagramers, and Their Academic Performance," Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, vol. 7, 2016.
  21. E. Fori, "The Effects of Social Networking Sites on the Academic Performance of the Engineering Students in the University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria," International Journal of Computer Science Issues,, vol. 13, pp. 76-84, 2016.
  22. D. Mouri and C. Ali-Arshad, "Social networking in Bangladesh: Boon or curse to academic engagement? ," Management and Marketing. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, vol. 11, pp. 380-393, 2016.
  23. P. Thompson, "The digital natives as learners: technology use patterns and approaches to learning," Computers and Education, vol. 65, p. 12e33, 2013.
  24. J. Yeboah and G. D. Ewur, "The Impact of Whatsapp Messenger Usage on Students Performance in Tertiary Institutions in Ghana " Journal of Education and Practice, vol. 5, pp. 157-164, 2014.
  25. N. Gupta, S. Garg, and K. Arora, "Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university," National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology (India), vol. 6, pp. 132-139, 2016.
  26. J. Li, A. Lepp, and J. E. Barkley, "Locus of control and cell phone use: Implications for sleep quality, academic performance, and subjective well-being," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 52, pp. 450–457, 2015.
  27. S. Rouis, M. Limayem, and E. Salehi-Sangari, "Impact of Facebook Usage on Students’ Academic Achievement: Role of Self-Regulation and Trust," Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, vol. 9, pp. 961-994, 2011.
  28. L. Lam, "An innovative research on the usage of Facebook in the higher education context of Hong Kong," Electronic Journal of e-Learning, vol. 10, p. 378e386, 2012.
  29. M. K. Kabilan, N. Ahmad, and M. J. Z. Abidin, "Facebook: an online environment for learning of English in institutions of higher education," Internet and Higher Education, vol. 13, p. 179e187, 2010.
  30. V. A. Dickie and H. Meier, "The Facebook tutor: networking education," Ubiquitous Learning, vol. 8, p. 1e12, 2015.
  31. R. González, J. Gasco, and J. Llopis, "Facebook and Academic Performance: A Positive Outcome," Anthropologist, vol. 23, pp. 59-67, 2016.
  32. G. Clough, "Geo-learners: location-based informal learning with mobile and social technologies," IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol. 3, p. 33e44, 2010.
  33. J. J. Liburd and I. M. F. Christensen, "Using web 2.0 in higher tourism education," Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, vol. 12, p. 99e108, 2013.
  34. A. C. Karpinski, P. A. Kirschner, I. Ozer, J. A. Mellott, and P. Ochwo, "An exploration of social networking site use, multitasking, and academic performance among United States and European university students," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 29, p. 1182e1192, 2013.
  35. E. T. Pascarella and P. T. Terenzini, "How college affects students. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.," 2005.
  36. K. Wong, R. Kwan, K. Leung, and F. L. Wang, "Facebook's potential for personal, social, academic and career development for higher education students," International Journal of Innovation and Learning, vol. 16, p. 203e220, 2014.
  37. I. A. Qureshi, H. Raza, and M. Whitty, "Facebook as e-learning tool for higher education institutes," Knowledge Management and E-Learning, vol. 6, p. 440e448, 2014.
  38. R. A. Sanchez, V. Cortijo, and U. Javed, "Students’ perceptions of Facebook for academic purposes," Computers and Education, vol. 70, p. 138e149, 2014.
  39. H. Hung and S. C. Yuen, "Educational use of social networking technology in higher education," Teaching in Higher Education, vol. 15, p. 703e714, 2010.
  40. M. Dragan, Z. Dragana, A. Sanela, and M. Isidora, "Exploring students’ purposes of usage and educational usage of Facebook," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 60, p. 441e450, 2016.
  41. H. Sayan, "Affecting Higher Students Learning Activity by Using WhatsApp," European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, vol. 4, pp. 88-93, 2016.
  42. M. Hayes, K. van Stolk-Cooke, and F. Muench, "Understanding Facebook use and the psychological effects of use across generations," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 49, p. 507e511, 2015.
  43. T. Lisette, "Social networking: a collaborative open educational resource," Computer Assisted Language Learning, vol. 27, p. 149e162, 2014.
  44. A. E. Sobaih and M. Moustafa, "Speaking the same language: the value of social networking sites for hospitality and tourism higher education in Egypt," Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Education, vol. 28, p. 46e56, 2016.
  45. W. Al-Rahmi, M. Othman, L. Yusof, and M. Musa, "Using social media as a tool for improving academic performance through collaborative learning in Malaysian higher education. ," Review of European Studies, vol. 7, p. 265e273, 2015.
  46. M. N. Hajli and X. Lin, "Developing tourism education through social media," Tourism Planning and Development, vol. 11, p. 405e414, 2014.
  47. S. Jumoke, S. A. Oloruntoba, and O. Blessing, "Analysis of Mobile Phone Impact on Student Academic Performance in Tertiary Institution," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 361-367, 2015.
  48. L. Burak, "Multitasking in the University Classroom," International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, vol. 6, pp. 1-12, 2012.
  49. H. Al-Tarawneh, "The influence of social networks on students’ performance," Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, vol. 5, pp. 200-205, 2014.
  50. M. D. Griffiths, "Social Networking Addiction: Emerging Themes and Issues," Journal of Addictive Research Therapy, p. 4:e118, 2013.
  51. A. T. Alahmar, "The impact of social media on the academic performance of second year medical students at College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Iraq. ," Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 77-83, 2016.
  52. S. Naizabekov, "Negative Impact of Social Networking Sites on Academic Performance of Students," 2012.
  53. L. Y. Sahin, "Comparison of users’ adoption and use cases of Facebook and their academic procrastination," Digital Education Review, vol. 25, p. 127e138, 2014.
  54. M. I. A. Abusbiha and C. S. Mustaffa, "The relationship between personal factors, Facebook intensity and academic performance of youth students," presented at the The International Conference on communication and Media 2014 (i- COME’14), Libya, Langkawi, MALAYSIA, 2014.
  55. H. Rabiu, A. I. Muhammed, Y. Umaru, and H. T. Ahmed, "Impact of Mobile Phone Usage on Academic Performance Among Secondary School Students in Taraba State, Nigeria," European Scientific Journal January 2016 edition vol. 12, 2016.
  56. J. Mingle, M. Adams, and E. A. Adjei, "A Comparative Analysis of Social Media Usage and Academic Performance in Public and Private Senior High Schools," Journal of Education and Practice, vol. 7, 2016.
  57. M. Kanagarathinam, "Impact of Social Networking Sites on Academic Performance of Adolescents in Coimbatore city," Business Education, vol. 4, 2014.
  58. M. Hooda and A. Tyagi, "A Study of Academic Achievement of Senior Secondary School Students of Haryana State in Relation to Their Facebook Usage," International Journal of Informative and Futuristic Research (IJIFR), vol. 3, pp. 3265-3268, 2016.
  59. T. T. Sandari, "Effects of mobile phone use on academic performance of college going young adults in India," International Journal of Applied Research 2015, vol. 1, pp. 898-905, 2015.
  60. M. Michikyan, K. Subrahmanyam, and J. Dennis, "Facebook use and academic performance among college students: A mixed-methods study with a multi-ethnic sample. ," 2015.
  61. T. El-Badawy and Y. Hashem, "The Impact of Social Media on the Academic Development of School Students," International Journal of Business Administration, vol. 6, pp. 46-52, 2015.
  62. M. A. Haq and S. Chand, "Pattern of Facebook Usage and its Impact on Academic Performance of University Students: A Gender Based Comparison," Bulletin of Education and Research, vol. 34, pp. 19-28, 2012.
  63. M. Zhou, "Gender difference in web search perceptions and behavior: Does it vary by task performance," Computers and Education, vol. 78, p. 174e184, 2014.
  64. G. C. Lay and U. Balakrishnan, "Students’ learning styles and their effects on the use of social media technology for learning," Telematics and Informatics, vol. 33, pp. 808–821, 2016.
  65. A. P. Jomon, M. Hope, H. M. Baker, and J. D. Cochran, "Computers in Human Behavior," 28, vol. 2012, pp. 2117–2127, 2012.


Online Social Networking, Academic Performance, Logistic Regression, Uganda.