Call for Paper - November 2022 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the November 2022 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is October 20, 2022. Read More

Provenance Linking using Bundles in OWL Ontology

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Mrinal Pandey, Rajiv Pandey

Mrinal Pandey and Rajiv Pandey. Provenance Linking using Bundles in OWL Ontology. International Journal of Computer Applications 164(11):5-9, April 2017. BibTeX

	author = {Mrinal Pandey and Rajiv Pandey},
	title = {Provenance Linking using Bundles in OWL Ontology},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {April 2017},
	volume = {164},
	number = {11},
	month = {Apr},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {5-9},
	numpages = {5},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017913721},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The Semantic web envisioned by Tim Berners lee, provides for intelligent knowledge retrieval. Although in addition to knowledge retrieval there is also a need to make the knowledge so derived as trustworthy. This requires the incorporation of trust or provenance information in the semantic web. Provenance serves as a crucial factor in enhancing the trust ability of the semantic web. This paper aims at the creation of trustable semantic web by creating provenance assertions and provides for verifying the trust ability of these assertions by providing provenance of provenance descriptions for the same. This is shown using Bundles a special data structure required for the linking of provenance bundles. Also, we have tried to illustrate how the provenance descriptions created by one application can be effectively manipulated by other application by the use of these bundles


  1. Haibo Yu, Tsunenori Mine, Makoto Amamiya,2012 "Balance: A key factor for the evaluation of semantic web applications"Proceedings of IIAI International Conference on Advanced Applied Informatics,2012.
  2. .SaleenaJ, Ms.B, Salini, Ms.M.G., Venkateswaran, Dr.Siva,2010. A Semantic Approach to Construct a Knowledge Portal for E-Learning Using Ontology".Proceedings of 2010 4th International Conference on Distance Learning and Education (ICDLE)
  3. Berners-Lee T., Hendler 1, Lassila ,2001.The Semantic Web. Scientific American, 284(5), pp 34-43 (2001)
  4. Pereira, R. G. , and Freire, M. M.,2005. "Semantic Web", in Encyclopedia of Multimedia Technology and Networking, M. Pagani (ed.), Idea Group, Inc., 2005.
  5. Pereira, Rui G and Freire, Mário M. ,2006.SWedt: A Semantic Web Editor Integrating Ontologies and Semantic Annotations with Resource Description Framework" Proceedings of the Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications and International Conference on Internet and Web Applications and Services (AICT/ICIW 2006)
  6. Lopez, Gustavo, Leon Claudia ,2012.Impact of certification, evaluation and time in determining trust on the social semantic web.Proceedings of 2012 International Symposium on Computer, Consumer and Control
  7. Gardner, Michael,2007. Using Ontologies to Support the Sharing of Learning Resources, Last modified 16 Jan, 2007 Published 16 Jan, 2007.
  8. RDFedt tool. URL:
  9. RDF Instance Creator (RIC) tool. URL:
  10. Protégé tool. URL:
  11. OntoEdit tool. On-To-Knowledge web site. URL:
  12. O’Hara , Kieron, Alani, Harith., Kalfoglou, Yannis, and Shadbolt Nigel,2004. Trust Strategies for the Semantic Web. Workshop on Trust, Security, and Reputation on the Semantic Web at ISWC2004, Hiroshima, Japan, November 2004.
  13. Almendra Vinicius da Silva, Schwab Daniel,2006. 2nd Semantic Web Policy Workshop (SWPW'06). Trust Policies for Semantic Web Repositories. paper_14.pdf
  14. Artz Donovan, Gil Yolanda,2007. A survey of trust in computer science and the Semantic Web: Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web archive. Volume 5 , Issue 2 (June 2007) table of contents. Pages 58-71 . Year of Publication: 2007. ISSN:1570-8268
  15. Ding Li, Finin Timothy. Weaving the Web of Belief into the Semantic Web. Submitted to WWW2004.
  16. Kuter Ugur and Golbeck Jennifer. 2007.A New Algorithm for Trust Inference in Social Networks, using Probabilistic Confidence Models. Proceedings of the Twenty-Second National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-07). Vancouver, British Columbia, July, 2007.
  17. PROV-Overview URL: -
  18. PROV-DM-URL:
  19. Xu Guoyan , Wang Zhijian,2010.Data Provenance Architecture based on Semantic web Services,Proceedings of 2010 Fifth IEEE International Symposium on Service Oriented System Engineering.
  20. Rajiv Himanshu,2014 "Evaluating the need of PROV in OWL", ACEEE, IJRTET, 2014
  21. Pandey Mrinal, Pandey Rajiv,2014.Analysis of provennace data model stack for OWL Onology relevance.Proceedings of Parallel Distributed confrence on Grid computing.
  22. PROV-Links:URL
  24. Online:
  25. Online:


Semantic Web, Provenance, Ontology, Bundles, MentionOf..