Call for Paper - September 2020 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the September 2020 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is August 20, 2020. Read More

Assessment of Annual Wind Energy Potential at Three Sites in Iraq for Wind Energy Applications

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2017
Ali M. Rasham,

Ali Rasham M and. Assessment of Annual Wind Energy Potential at Three Sites in Iraq for Wind Energy Applications. International Journal of Computer Applications 168(5):35-43, June 2017. BibTeX

	author = {Ali M. Rasham and},
	title = {Assessment of Annual Wind Energy Potential at Three Sites in Iraq for Wind Energy Applications},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {June 2017},
	volume = {168},
	number = {5},
	month = {Jun},
	year = {2017},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {35-43},
	numpages = {9},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2017914417},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Assessment of annual wind energy potential for three selected sites in Iraq has been analyzed in the present work. The wind velocities data from August 2014 to July 2015 were collected from the website of Weather Underground Organization (WUO) at stations elevation (35m, 32m, and 17m) for Baghdad, Najaf, and Kut Al-Hai respectively. Extrapolation of stations elevation and wind velocities was used to estimate wind velocities at (60m, 90m, and 120m). The objectives are to analyze the wind speed data and assess the wind energy potential for wind energy applications. Computer code for MATLAB software has been developed to solve the mathematical model. The results are presented as a monthly and annual average for wind velocities, standard deviation, shape factor, scale factor, probability density function, cumulative distribution function, measured and Weibull estimated of wind power density, wind energy density, determination factor, and root mean square error. A comparison is made with the previous studies to select wind class of selected sites in the present work. At selected stations, the wind energy potential was the best for Najaf, Kut Al-Hai, and Baghdad respectively. According to the international wind classification, the selected sites has fair class at stations elevation. Kut Al-Hai has fairly good class at selected heights. While Najaf have fairly good at (90m, and 120m) whereas Baghdad has a fairly good class just at (120 m).


  1. Rehman, S., Ahmad, A., 2004, Assessment of wind energy potential for coastal locations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Energy 29, PP. 1105–1115, doi:10.1016/
  2. Meishen Li, and Xianguo Li, 2005, ''Investigation of Wind Characteristics and Assessment of Wind Energy Potential for Waterloo Region, Canada'', Energy Conversion and Management 46, PP. 3014–3033.
  3. Getachew Bekele, and Bjorn Palm, 2009, ''Wind Energy Potential Assessment at Four Typical Locations in Ethiopia'', Applied Energy 86 PP. 388–396.
  4. Ioannis Fyrippis, Petros J. Axaopoulos, and Gregoris Panayiotou, 2010, ''Wind Energy Potential Assessment in Naxos Island, Greece'', Applied Energy 87, PP. 577–586.
  5. Joseph A. Jervase, and Ali M. Al-Lawati, 2012, ''Wind Energy Potential Assessment for the Sultanate of Oman'', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16, 1496– 1507.
  6. Sunday O Oyedepo, Muyiwa S Adaramola, and Samuel S Paul, 2012, ''Analysis of wind speed data and wind energy potential in three selected locations in southeast Nigeria'', International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 3:7,
  7. Saeed Jahanbakhsh Asl, Majid Rezaei Banafsheh, Yagob Dinpashoh, Marziyeh Esmaeilpour, Kasra Mohammadi, Ali Mohammad Khorshiddoust, 2014, ''Assessing Wind Energy potential in Kurdistan Province, Iran'', Int J Energy Environ Eng, 5:100, DOI 10.1007/s40095-014-0100-x.
  8. Oluseyi O Ajayi, Richard O Fagbenle, James Katende, Samson A Aasa and Joshua O Okeniyi, 2013, ''Wind Profile Characteristics and Turbine Performance Analysis in Kano, North-Western Nigeria'', International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 4:27,
  9. Farivar Fazelpour, Nima Soltani, Marc A. Rosen, 2014, ''Wind Resource Assessment and Wind Power Potential for the City of Ardabil, Iran'', Int J Energy Environ Eng, DOI 10.1007/s40095-014-0139-8.
  10. Ali M. Rasham, 2016, '' Analysis of Wind Speed Data and Annual Energy Potential at Three Locations in Iraq'', International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 137, No. 11.
  11. Weather History for ORBI - August, 2014
  12. Weather History for 40670 - August, 2014
  13. Weather History for 40665 - August, 2014
  14. Sathyajith Mathew, 2006, ''Wind Energy Fundamentals, Resource Analysis and Economics'', (PP. 64, 68, 96, 71, 75, 82, and 83).
  15. Mukund R. Patel, 2006, ''Wind and Solar Power Systems Design, Analysis, and Operation'', 2nd edition, (PP.31).
  16. Vaughn Nelson, 2009, ''Wind Energy Renewable Energy and the Environment'', (PP.37).
  17. David Wood, 2011, ''Small Wind Turbines Analysis, Design, and Application'' (PP. 14-15).


Wind energy potential, wind resource assessment, Weibull parameters.