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A Comprehensive Review of Reactive and Proactive Congestion Control Methodologies

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2018
Manmeet Kaur Arora, Karamdeep Singh, Shivinder Devra

Manmeet Kaur Arora, Karamdeep Singh and Shivinder Devra. A Comprehensive Review of Reactive and Proactive Congestion Control Methodologies. International Journal of Computer Applications 179(17):41-46, February 2018. BibTeX

	author = {Manmeet Kaur Arora and Karamdeep Singh and Shivinder Devra},
	title = {A Comprehensive Review of Reactive and Proactive Congestion Control Methodologies},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {February 2018},
	volume = {179},
	number = {17},
	month = {Feb},
	year = {2018},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {41-46},
	numpages = {6},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2018916298},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Congestion control is a preventive method associated with computer networks operated at high load conditions. The congestion is a severe issue which requires considerable attention, as internet performance is largely governed by data traffic fluctuations which are usually burst in nature. Therefore, a survey of different congestion control protocols comparing various parameters is essential to come up with new proposal to avoid congestion problem in computer networks. In this paper, we review progress made in the field of reactive and proactive congestion methodologies, which explicitly compute rates independently of congestion signal in decentralized fashion. Finally, the review brings to notice the application of various protocols along with their advantages and disadvantages.


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Congestion control, TCP, ECN, VCS, RTT, AIMD.