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Reseach Article

An Algorithm for using Internet of Things (IoTs) to Improve Load Management in Electric Power Grid

by Gilbert Mahlangu, Samuel Musungwini, Sindiso Nleya
International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Volume 179 - Number 35
Year of Publication: 2018
Authors: Gilbert Mahlangu, Samuel Musungwini, Sindiso Nleya

Gilbert Mahlangu, Samuel Musungwini, Sindiso Nleya . An Algorithm for using Internet of Things (IoTs) to Improve Load Management in Electric Power Grid. International Journal of Computer Applications. 179, 35 ( Apr 2018), 10-17. DOI=10.5120/ijca2018916786

@article{ 10.5120/ijca2018916786,
author = { Gilbert Mahlangu, Samuel Musungwini, Sindiso Nleya },
title = { An Algorithm for using Internet of Things (IoTs) to Improve Load Management in Electric Power Grid },
journal = { International Journal of Computer Applications },
issue_date = { Apr 2018 },
volume = { 179 },
number = { 35 },
month = { Apr },
year = { 2018 },
issn = { 0975-8887 },
pages = { 10-17 },
numpages = {9},
url = { },
doi = { 10.5120/ijca2018916786 },
publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
address = {New York, USA}
%0 Journal Article
%1 2024-02-07T00:57:28.772138+05:30
%A Gilbert Mahlangu
%A Samuel Musungwini
%A Sindiso Nleya
%T An Algorithm for using Internet of Things (IoTs) to Improve Load Management in Electric Power Grid
%J International Journal of Computer Applications
%@ 0975-8887
%V 179
%N 35
%P 10-17
%D 2018
%I Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA

Several new technologies, for example, the Internet of Things (IoTs) continue to surface in the frontage of ubiquitous and pervasive computing. Internet of things is slowly being embraced in different domains to support control and monitoring systems. The advent of microprocessors embedded with communication facilities has enabled the possibility of integrating ICTs within people and their environments. With the power utilities industry grappling with serious issues like load management which has a potential of damaging their equipment, first movers are turning to advanced technologies such as the IoTs to achieve demand-side management. The purpose of this study was to conduct a theoretical and empirical review on the approaches used by Power utilities to manage load in order to determine how IoTs can be used particularly by Zimbabwe’s Power utility to solve the supply-demand problem. Currently, the load management approaches used by the Power utility in Zimbabwe are load shifting and load shedding. A conceptual model was developed using C++ guided by the algorithm for load management. The model development was motivated by the research gap establish from the literature review and the problem faced by the Power utility in Zimbabwe in balancing demand and supply during peak periods. The idea is modelled around continuous monitoring of the feeder or substation, activating the automatic control and carrying out load allocation procedure based on priority settings, connection, and re-connection timings. The proposed model is also based on the dependence of demand and consumer priority perception. The model will ensure that electricity is available for basic and essential use in times of increased demand. It requires that load demand is constantly monitored to trigger automatic control and appliances should connect to the electric power grid using smart plugs.

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Index Terms

Computer Science
Information Sciences


Conceptual model Internet of Things (IoTs) load management electric power grid consumer priority demand dependence switchable appliances Algorithm