Call for Paper - January 2024 Edition
IJCA solicits original research papers for the January 2024 Edition. Last date of manuscript submission is December 20, 2023. Read More

Internal Heat Generation/Absorption Effects on Unsteady Magneto Hydrodynamic Flow Over a Stretching Surface

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Ajaykumar M., A.H. Srinivasa

Ajaykumar M. and A H Srinivasa. Internal Heat Generation/Absorption Effects on Unsteady Magneto Hydrodynamic Flow Over a Stretching Surface. International Journal of Computer Applications 183(31):9-12, October 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Ajaykumar M. and A.H. Srinivasa},
	title = {Internal Heat Generation/Absorption Effects on Unsteady Magneto Hydrodynamic Flow Over a Stretching Surface},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {October 2021},
	volume = {183},
	number = {31},
	month = {Oct},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {9-12},
	numpages = {4},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921697},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


The physical parameter outcomes of internal heat generation and absorption on magnetohydrodynamic fluid flow over a stretched surface with a Prandtl number are depicted graphically in this paper. The non-linear partial differential equation changed into ordinary differential equations and these equations were answered by numerically using the quasilinearization process along with an implicit finite difference scheme for leading the flow of heat transfer. The transfer of heat ratio at the surface level upsurges with rising data of heat generation     (Q > 0)/absorption (Q<0). The temperature increases as heat generation/absorption changes, as do the Prandtl number and magnetic parameters.


  1. Altan T, Oh S, Gegel H. 1979. Metal forming fundamentals and applications. Metals Park, OH: American Society of Metals.
  2. Fisher EG. 1976. Extrusion of plastics. New York: Wiley.
  3. Tidmore Z, Klein I. 1970. Engineering principles of plasticating extrusion, polymer science and engineering series. New York: Van Norstrand;
  4. Sakiadis BC. 1961 Boundary layer behaviour on continuous solid surface II, boundary layer behaviour on continuous flat surface. AIChE J ;7:221–35
  5. L. J. Crane, 1970. Flow Past a Stretching Plate, Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (ZAMP), vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 645-647.
  6. S. Sharidan, T. Mahood and I. Pop, 2006. Similarity Solutions for The Unsteady Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer Due to A Stretching Sheet, International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 647-654.
  7. Ishak A, Naza R, Pop I. 2008. Hydromagnetic flow and heat transfer adjacent to a stretching vertical sheet. Heat Mass Transfer ; 44:921–7.
  8. Fadzilah MA, Nazar R, Arifin M, Pop I. 2011.MHD boundary-layer flow and heat transfer over a stretching sheet with induced magnetic field. J Heat Mass Transfer, 47,155–62.
  9. Samad M A, Mohebujjaman M. 2009. MHD heat and mass transfer free convection flow along a vertical stretching sheet in the presence of Magnetic field with heat generation. Res J Appl Sci, Eng Technol;1(3):98–106
  10. H.T. Andersson, J.B. Aarseth, B.S. Dandapat, 2000. Heat transfer in a liquid film on an unsteady stretching surface, Int. J. Heat Transfer 43, 69–74.
  11. E.M.A. Elbashbeshy, M.A.A. Bazid, 2004. Heat transfer over an unsteady stretching surface, Heat Mass Transfer 41, 1–4.
  12. K. Inouye and A. Tate, 1974. Finite difference version of quasilinearization applied to boundary later equations, AIAAJ.12, pp. 558-560.
  13. A. H. Srinivasa and A T Eswara, 2016. Effect of internal heat generation or absorption on MHD free convection from an isothermal truncated cone, Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 55, pp.1367-1373.


MHD, unsteady flow, stretching surface, heat transfer, heat generation/absorption.