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Current and Upcoming Challenges of the Main Memory System (2021)

International Journal of Computer Applications
Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA
Year of Publication: 2021
Konstantin Biriukov

Konstantin Biriukov. Current and Upcoming Challenges of the Main Memory System (2021). International Journal of Computer Applications 183(31):23-27, October 2021. BibTeX

	author = {Konstantin Biriukov},
	title = {Current and Upcoming Challenges of the Main Memory System (2021)},
	journal = {International Journal of Computer Applications},
	issue_date = {October 2021},
	volume = {183},
	number = {31},
	month = {Oct},
	year = {2021},
	issn = {0975-8887},
	pages = {23-27},
	numpages = {5},
	url = {},
	doi = {10.5120/ijca2021921701},
	publisher = {Foundation of Computer Science (FCS), NY, USA},
	address = {New York, USA}


Main memory is acritical component of all computer systems. Memory system must scale in size, cost and performance to maintain overall computer performance growth, but there are a lot of challenges that memory systems have encountered and throughout recent years some (potentially temporary) limitations for memory systems were reached out. This paper will discuss recent challenges in main memory systems and solutions that can be proposed to address those challenges. Problems to be discussed in the paper: memory capacity, energy consumption, periodic refresh, scaling, memory interference, “Rowhammer”.


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DRAM, RAM, DDR, LPDDR, STT-MRAM, ReRam, PCM, Main memory System, Rowhammer